In recent years, fracture image diagnosis using a convolutional neural network (CNN) has been reported. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the ability of CNN to diagnose distal radius fractures (DRFs) using frontal and lateral wrist radiographs. We included 503 cases of DRF diagnosed by plain radiographs and 289 cases without fracture. We implemented the CNN model using Keras and Tensorflow. Frontal and lateral views of wrist radiographs were manually cropped and trained separately. Fine-tuning was performed using EfficientNets. The diagnostic ability of CNN was evaluated using 150 images with and without fractures from anteroposterior and lateral radiographs. The CNN model diagnosed DRF based on three views: frontal view, lateral view, and both frontal and lateral view. We determined the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the CNN model, plotted a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, and calculated the area under the ROC curve (AUC). We further compared performances between the CNN and three hand orthopedic surgeons. EfficientNet-B2 in the frontal view and EfficientNet-B4 in the lateral view showed highest accuracy on the validation dataset, and these models were used for combined views. The accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of the CNN based on both anteroposterior and lateral radiographs were 99.3, 98.7, and 100, respectively. The accuracy of the CNN was equal to or better than that of three orthopedic surgeons. The AUC of the CNN on the combined views was 0.993. The CNN model exhibited high accuracy in the diagnosis of distal radius fracture with a plain radiograph.
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Suzuki, T., Maki, S., Yamazaki, T. et al. Detecting Distal Radial Fractures from Wrist Radiographs Using a Deep Convolutional Neural Network with an Accuracy Comparable to Hand Orthopedic Surgeons. J Digit Imaging 35, 39–46 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10278-021-00519-1