Journal of Digital Imaging

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 262–274 | Cite as

An Efficient Pipeline for Abdomen Segmentation in CT Images

  • Hasan Koyuncu
  • Rahime Ceylan
  • Mesut Sivri
  • Hasan Erdogan


Computed tomography (CT) scans usually include some disadvantages due to the nature of the imaging procedure, and these handicaps prevent accurate abdomen segmentation. Discontinuous abdomen edges, bed section of CT, patient information, closeness between the edges of the abdomen and CT, poor contrast, and a narrow histogram can be regarded as the most important handicaps that occur in abdominal CT scans. Currently, one or more handicaps can arise and prevent technicians obtaining abdomen images through simple segmentation techniques. In other words, CT scans can include the bed section of CT, a patient’s diagnostic information, low-quality abdomen edges, low-level contrast, and narrow histogram, all in one scan. These phenomena constitute a challenge, and an efficient pipeline that is unaffected by handicaps is required. In addition, analysis such as segmentation, feature selection, and classification has meaning for a real-time diagnosis system in cases where the abdomen section is directly used with a specific size. A statistical pipeline is designed in this study that is unaffected by the handicaps mentioned above. Intensity-based approaches, morphological processes, and histogram-based procedures are utilized to design an efficient structure. Performance evaluation is realized in experiments on 58 CT images (16 training, 16 test, and 26 validation) that include the abdomen and one or more disadvantage(s). The first part of the data (16 training images) is used to detect the pipeline’s optimum parameters, while the second and third parts are utilized to evaluate and to confirm the segmentation performance. The segmentation results are presented as the means of six performance metrics. Thus, the proposed method achieves remarkable average rates for training/test/validation of 98.95/99.36/99.57% (jaccard), 99.47/99.67/99.79% (dice), 100/99.91/99.91% (sensitivity), 98.47/99.23/99.85% (specificity), 99.38/99.63/99.87% (classification accuracy), and 98.98/99.45/99.66% (precision). In summary, a statistical pipeline performing the task of abdomen segmentation is achieved that is not affected by the disadvantages, and the most detailed abdomen segmentation study is performed for the use before organ and tumor segmentation, feature extraction, and classification.


Abdomen segmentation Edge detection Computed tomography Statistical pipeline Image registration 



This work is supported by the Coordinatorship of Selcuk University’s Scientific Research Projects.


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Copyright information

© Society for Imaging Informatics in Medicine 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Engineering Faculty, Department of Electrical and Electronics EngineeringSelcuk UniversityKonyaTurkey
  2. 2.Ankara Child Health and Disease Hematology Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Radiology ClinicUniversity of Health SciencesAnkaraTurkey
  3. 3.Konya Training and Research Hospital, Radiology ClinicUniversity of Health SciencesKonyaTurkey

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