Three-dimensional printing technology has significant clinical implications for the management of congenital heart disease. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging have been established as imaging tools for the creation of physical three-dimensional models. The potential use of non-invasive bedside imaging techniques such as three-dimensional echocardiography to derive three-dimensional printed models can revolutionize the planning of interventions for complex congenital malformations. The feasibility of deriving three-dimensional printing from ultrasound provides an additional cost-effective and patient-centered option for interventional cardiologists and surgeons for the management and care of congenital heart disease patients.
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Special thanks to Jordan Gosnell, Echocardiography sonographer, Helen DeVos Children’s Hospital of Spectrum Health, Grand Rapids, Michigan for acquisition of the 3D echocardiography images.
Conflict of Interest
The authors Samuel and Pinto have nothing to disclose. Pietila is a full-time employee of Materialise NV. Vettukattil has a non-disclosure agreement with Materialise NV.
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Samuel, B.P., Pinto, C., Pietila, T. et al. Ultrasound-Derived Three-Dimensional Printing in Congenital Heart Disease. J Digit Imaging 28, 459–461 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10278-014-9761-5
- 3D ultrasound
- 3D imaging
- 3D segmentation
- 3D reconstruction
- Cardiac imaging
- Clinical application