Isolation of endophytic fungi from leaves of Pasania edulis and their within-leaf distributions
Endophytic fungi were isolated from leaves of Pasania edulis, one of the most important trees of the warm temperate forests in southern Kyushu, by the surface sterilization method using H2O2 as a sterilizing agent. From a tree in the Experimental Nursery of Kagoshima University, located at the city of Kagoshima, Phyllosticta sp. and Colletotrichum spp. were frequently isolated. From a stand in a laurel forest in Mt. Takakuma, an ascomycetous fungus (Ascomycete sp. 1) and Phomopsis sp. were frequently isolated. Phyllosticta sp. was isolated more frequently from petiole segments and leaf segments with midrib and Phomopsis sp. from petiole segments and leaf-base segments with midrib than other segments. Colletotrichum spp. were isolated less frequently from petioles and Ascomycete sp. 1 from petiole segments and leaf-base segments with midrib than other segments. As possible causes of such biases in within-leaf distributions of the endophytes, differences in infection modes and negative interactions of major endophytes within leaves are suggested.
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