, 47:167 | Cite as

Form and function of fungal spore appendages

  • E.B. Gareth Jones


A wide variety of fungi have spores with appendages or mucilaginous sheaths, which are most elaborate in aquatic ascomycetes, especially marine species. The form and structure of a wide range of appendaged spores are documented from both taxonomic and ecological fungal groups, and their role in nature is discussed. The effect of environmental factors on appendage development and how ascospores are adapted for release from asci are reviewed. How fungi evolved such a variety of appendages in form and structure is also discussed.

Key words

Appendaged spores Attachment Evolution Role in nature 


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© The Mycological Society of Japan and Springer-Verlag Tokyo 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BIOTEC Central Research Unit, Phylogenetics Laboratory, National Center for Genetic Engineering and BiotechnologyNational Science and Technology Development AgencyPathum ThaniThailand

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