Amelogenesis imperfecta: review of diagnostic findings and treatment concepts

Abstract

Mineralization defects like amelogenesis imperfecta are often of hereditary origin. This article reviews the diagnostic findings and summarizes the suggested treatment approaches. Currently, there are no defined therapy recommendations available for patients suffering from amelogenesis imperfecta. The mentioned therapies are more or less equal but no comprehensive therapy recommendation is evident. When treating patients suffering from amelogenesis imperfecta, a comprehensive therapy of almost every dental discipline has to be considered. The earlier the diagnosis of amelogenesis imperfecta is confirmed, the better the outcome is. Optimal treatment approaches consist of early diagnosis and treatment approach and frequent dental recall appointments to prevent progressive occlusal wear or early destruction by caries. Full-mouth prosthetic treatment seems to be the best treatment option.

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Correspondence to Martin M. I. Sabandal.

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Sabandal, M.M.I., Schäfer, E. Amelogenesis imperfecta: review of diagnostic findings and treatment concepts. Odontology 104, 245–256 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10266-016-0266-1

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Keywords

  • Amelogenesis imperfecta
  • Hypomineralization
  • Mineralization defect