Journal of Plant Research

, Volume 131, Issue 5, pp 849–864 | Cite as

Biosynthesis of riccionidins and marchantins is regulated by R2R3-MYB transcription factors in Marchantia polymorpha

  • Hiroyoshi Kubo
  • Shunsuke Nozawa
  • Takuma Hiwatashi
  • Youichi Kondou
  • Ryo Nakabayashi
  • Tetsuya Mori
  • Kazuki Saito
  • Kojiro Takanashi
  • Takayuki Kohchi
  • Kimitsune Ishizaki
Regular Paper


R2R3-MYB transcription factors constitute the largest gene family among plant transcription factor families. They became largely divergent during the evolution of land plants and regulate various biological processes. The functions of R2R3-MYBs are mostly characterized in seed plants but are poorly understood in non-seed plants. Here, we examined the function of two R2R3-MYB genes of Marchantia polymorpha (Mapoly0073s0038 and Mapoly0006s0226) that are closely related to subgroup 4 of the R2R3-MYB family. We performed LC/MS/MS metabolomics, RNA-seq analysis and expression analysis in overexpressors and knockout mutants of MpMYB14 and MpMYB02. Overexpression of MpMYB14 remarkably increased the amount of riccionidins, which are specific anthocyanins in liverworts and a few flowering plants. In contrast, overexpression of MpMYB02 increased the amount of several marchantins, which are characteristic cyclic bis (bibenzyl ether) compounds in M. polymorpha and related liverworts. Knockouts of MpMYB14 and MpMYB02 abolished the accumulation of riccionidins and marchantins, respectively. The expression of MpMYB14 was up-regulated by UV-B irradiation, N deficiency, and NaCl treatment, whereas the expression of MpMYB02 was down-regulated by NaCl treatment. Our results suggest that the regulatory framework of phenolic metabolism by R2R3-MYB was already established in early land plants.


Anthocyanin Marchantia polymorpha Marchantin Phenolic metabolism R2R3-MYB 



We thank Dr. Hironobu Takahashi (Tokushima Bunri University) and Dr. Yoshinori Asakawa (Tokushima Bunri University) for providing marchantin A and Dr. Shigeo Sugano (Tokushima University) and Dr. Keishi Osakabe (Tokushima University) for providing pMpGE_En03 and pMpGE011 vectors.

Supplementary material

10265_2018_1044_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (5.6 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 5700 KB)


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Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Japan and Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroyoshi Kubo
    • 1
  • Shunsuke Nozawa
    • 1
  • Takuma Hiwatashi
    • 2
  • Youichi Kondou
    • 3
  • Ryo Nakabayashi
    • 4
  • Tetsuya Mori
    • 4
  • Kazuki Saito
    • 4
    • 5
  • Kojiro Takanashi
    • 1
    • 6
  • Takayuki Kohchi
    • 7
  • Kimitsune Ishizaki
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biology, Faculty of ScienceShinshu UniversityMatsumotoJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of ScienceKobe UniversityKobeJapan
  3. 3.College of Science and EngineeringKanto Gakuin UniversityYokohamaJapan
  4. 4.Center for Sustainable Resource ScienceRIKENYokohamaJapan
  5. 5.Graduate School of Pharmaceutical ScienceChiba UniversityChibaJapan
  6. 6.Institute of Mountain ScienceShinshu UniversityMatsumotoJapan
  7. 7.Graduate School of BiostudiesKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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