Journal of Plant Research

, Volume 130, Issue 3, pp 443–453 | Cite as

Phototaxis and chemotaxis of brown algal swarmers

JPR Symposium Fusion in Fertilization: Interdisciplinary Collaboration among Plant and Animal Scientists

Abstract

Brown algae exhibit three patterns of sexual reproduction: isogamy, anisogamy, and oogamy. Unicellular swarmers including gametes and zoospores bear two heterogenous flagella, an anterior flagellum with mastigonemes (fine tripartite hairs) and a posterior one. In seawater, these flagellates usually receive physico-chemical signals for finding partners and good habitats. It is well known that brown algal swarmers change their swimming direction depending on blue light (phototaxis), and male gametes do so, based on the sex pheromones from female gametes (chemotaxis). In recent years, the comparative analysis of chemotaxis in isogamy, anisogamy, and oogamy has been conducted. In this paper, we focused on the phototaxis and chemotaxis of brown algal gametes comparing the current knowledge with our recent studies.

Keywords

Brown algae Calcium Chemotaxis Flagella Gametes Phototaxis 

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Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Japan and Springer Japan 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nana Kinoshita
    • 1
  • Chikako Nagasato
    • 2
  • Taizo Motomura
    • 2
  1. 1.Graduate School of Environmental ScienceHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  2. 2.Muroran Marine Station, Field Science Center for Northern BiosphereHokkaido UniversityMuroranJapan

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