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Cell-to-cell movement of viruses via plasmodesmata

Abstract

Plant viruses utilize plasmodesmata (PD), unique membrane-lined cytoplasmic nanobridges in plants, to spread infection cell-to-cell and long-distance. Such invasion involves a range of regulatory mechanisms to target and modify PD. Exciting discoveries in this field suggest that these mechanisms are executed by the interaction between plant cellular components and viral movement proteins (MPs) or other virus-encoded factors. Striking working analogies exist among endogenous non-cell-autonomous proteins and viral MPs, in which not only do they all use PD to traffic, but also they exploit same regulatory components to exert their functions. Thus, this review discusses on the viral strategies to move via PD and the PD-regulatory mechanisms involved in viral pathogenesis.

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Acknowledgments

The support for this work was provided by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2013R1A1A2007230) and by a grant from the Next-Generation BioGreen 21 Program (SSAC, Grant PJ009495), Rural Development Administration, Republic of Korea. D. K and R. K were supported by a scholarship from the BK21Plus Program, the Ministry of Education Korea.

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Correspondence to Jae-Yean Kim.

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D. Kumar, R. Kumar, T. K. Hyun equally contributed to this work.

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Kumar, D., Kumar, R., Hyun, T.K. et al. Cell-to-cell movement of viruses via plasmodesmata. J Plant Res 128, 37–47 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10265-014-0683-6

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10265-014-0683-6

Keywords

  • Cell-to-cell spread
  • Movement proteins
  • Plant defense
  • Plasmodesmata
  • Virus