Journal of Plant Research

, Volume 124, Issue 4, pp 509–525 | Cite as

ABA-mediated transcriptional regulation in response to osmotic stress in plants

  • Yasunari Fujita
  • Miki Fujita
  • Kazuo Shinozaki
  • Kazuko Yamaguchi-Shinozaki
JPR Symposium Opening a New Era of ABA Research

Abstract

The plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) plays a pivotal role in a variety of developmental processes and adaptive stress responses to environmental stimuli in plants. Cellular dehydration during the seed maturation and vegetative growth stages induces an increase in endogenous ABA levels, which control many dehydration-responsive genes. In Arabidopsis plants, ABA regulates nearly 10% of the protein-coding genes, a much higher percentage than other plant hormones. Expression of the genes is mainly regulated by two different families of bZIP transcription factors (TFs), ABI5 in the seeds and AREB/ABFs in the vegetative stage, in an ABA-responsive-element (ABRE) dependent manner. The SnRK2-AREB/ABF pathway governs the majority of ABA-mediated ABRE-dependent gene expression in response to osmotic stress during the vegetative stage. In addition to osmotic stress, the circadian clock and light conditions also appear to participate in the regulation of ABA-mediated gene expression, likely conferring versatile tolerance and repressing growth under stress conditions. Moreover, various other TFs belonging to several classes, including AP2/ERF, MYB, NAC, and HD-ZF, have been reported to engage in ABA-mediated gene expression. This review mainly focuses on the transcriptional regulation of ABA-mediated gene expression in response to osmotic stress during the vegetative growth stage in Arabidopsis.

Keywords

Abscisic acid (ABA) Arabidopsis Dehydration Osmotic stress Stress response Transcription factor 

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Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Japan and Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yasunari Fujita
    • 1
    • 2
  • Miki Fujita
    • 3
  • Kazuo Shinozaki
    • 3
  • Kazuko Yamaguchi-Shinozaki
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Biological Resources DivisionJapan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS)TsukubaJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of Life and Environmental SciencesUniversity of TsukubaTsukubaJapan
  3. 3.Plant Science CenterRIKEN Yokohama InstituteYokohamaJapan
  4. 4.Graduate School of Agricultural and Life SciencesThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

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