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Influence of stand density on soil CO2 efflux for a Pinus densiflora forest in Korea

  • JPR Symposium
  • Carbon cycle process in East Asia
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Abstract

We investigated the influence of stand density [938 tree ha−1 for high stand density (HD), 600 tree ha−1 for medium stand density (MD), and 375 tree ha−1 for low stand density (LD)] on soil CO2 efflux (R S) in a 70-year-old natural Pinus densiflora S. et Z. forest in central Korea. Concurrent with R S measurements, we measured litterfall, total belowground carbon allocation (TBCA), leaf area index (LAI), soil temperature (ST), soil water content (SWC), and soil nitrogen (N) concentration over a 2-year period. The R S (t C ha−1 year−1) and leaf litterfall (t C ha−1 year−1) values varied with stand density: 6.21 and 2.03 for HD, 7.45 and 2.37 for MD, and 6.96 and 2.23 for LD, respectively. In addition, R S was correlated with ST (R 2 = 0.77–0.80, P < 0.001) and SWC (R 2 = 0.31–0.35, P < 0.001). It appeared that stand density influenced R S via changes in leaf litterfall, LAI and SWC. Leaf litterfall (R 2 = 0.71), TBCA (R 2 = 0.64–0.87), and total soil N contents in 2007 (R 2 = 0.94) explained a significant amount of the variance in R S (P < 0.01). The current study showed that stand density is one of the key factors influencing R S due to the changing biophysical and environmental factors in P. densiflora.

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Acknowledgments

This study was supported by the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (Grant No. R01-2006-000-10863-0, A3 Foresight Program: Grant No. A307-K001).

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Correspondence to Yowhan Son.

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Noh, N.J., Son, Y., Lee, S.K. et al. Influence of stand density on soil CO2 efflux for a Pinus densiflora forest in Korea. J Plant Res 123, 411–419 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10265-010-0331-8

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