Ocean Dynamics

, Volume 65, Issue 6, pp 777–794 | Cite as

Climate change impact on wave energy in the Persian Gulf

  • Bahareh Kamranzad
  • Amir Etemad-ShahidiEmail author
  • Vahid Chegini
  • Abbas Yeganeh-Bakhtiary


Excessive usage of fossil fuels and high emission of greenhouse gases have increased the earth’s temperature, and consequently have changed the patterns of natural phenomena such as wind speed, wave height, etc. Renewable energy resources are ideal alternatives to reduce the negative effects of increasing greenhouse gases emission and climate change. However, these energy sources are also sensitive to changing climate. In this study, the effect of climate change on wave energy in the Persian Gulf is investigated. For this purpose, future wind data obtained from CGCM3.1 model were downscaled using a hybrid approach and modification factors were computed based on local wind data (ECMWF) and applied to control and future CGCM3.1 wind data. Downscaled wind data was used to generate the wave characteristics in the future based on A2, B1, and A1B scenarios, while ECMWF wind field was used to generate the wave characteristics in the control period. The results of these two 30-yearly wave modelings using SWAN model showed that the average wave power changes slightly in the future. Assessment of wave power spatial distribution showed that the reduction of the average wave power is more in the middle parts of the Persian Gulf. Investigation of wave power distribution in two coastal stations (Boushehr and Assalouyeh ports) indicated that the annual wave energy will decrease in both stations while the wave power distribution for different intervals of significant wave height and peak period will also change in Assalouyeh according to all scenarios.


Wave energy Climate change CGCM3.1 Persian Gulf 



We are thankful to the SWAN group for providing the model and to the anonymous reviewers for their fruitful comments.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ocean Engineering and Technology Research CenterIranian National Institute for Oceanography and Atmospheric ScienceTehranIslamic Republic of Iran
  2. 2.Griffith School of EngineeringGriffith UniversityGold CoastAustralia
  3. 3.School of Civil EngineeringIran University of Science and TechnologyTehranIslamic Republic of Iran

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