Mine Water and the Environment

, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp 273–282 | Cite as

Complexation of Ni(II) by Dimethylglyoxime for Rapid Removal and Monitoring of Ni(II) in Water

  • Adriana Ferancová
  • Maarit K. Hattuniemi
  • Adama M. Sesay
  • Jarkko P. Räty
  • Vesa T. Virtanen
Technical Article


The complexation of Ni(II) with dimethylglyoxime (DMG) entrapped within a Nafion membrane and a DMG–sol–gel matrix was studied and compared for different solutions. First and pseudo-second order kinetic models, Elovich, intra-particle, and liquid film diffusion models were applied to evaluate sorption kinetics. Complexation of Ni(II) by DMG entrapped in the polymeric materials followed a pseudo-second order kinetic model; moreover, DMG in Nafion also allowed diffusion-controlled uptake. The pseudo-second order rate constant was significantly higher for the free ligand in solution than for Ni(II) accumulation in the surface-attached DMG-Nafion. The DMG–sol–gel removal ability of Ni(II) was tested using actual mine water. The presence of interferences only insignificantly decreased the removal percentage of Ni(II), thus confirming the high selectivity of DMG towards Ni(II). Also, an electrochemical sensor modified with DMG in Nafion was investigated further for direct electrochemical determination of Ni(II) in untreated mine water. Determination errors and interference effects were low. Thus, this approach represents an effective potential solution for selective Ni(II) removal from mine water as well as a rapid and cheap sensor for on-site monitoring of Ni(II) in mine and environmental waters.


Sorption kinetics Direct monitoring Metals Electrochemical sensor Untreated mine water 

Die Komplexierung von Ni(II) durch Dimethylglyoxime zur schnellen Entfernung und Überwachung von Ni(II) in Wasser


Die Komplexierung von Ni(II) mit Dimethylglyoxim (DGM), immobilisiert in einer Nafion-Membran und in einer Gel-Matrix, wurde für unterschiedliche wässrige Lösungen untersucht und verglichen. Um die Reaktionskinetik zu bewerten, wurden Modelle erster und pseudo-zweiter Ordnung sowie das Elovich-, das Intra-Partikel- und das Flüssigkeitsfilm-Diffusions-Modell angewendet. Die Komplexierung von Ni(II) durch in Polymeren immobilisiertes DMG folgte einer pseudo-zeiten Ordnung. Für die Immobilisierung in der Nafion-Membran ließ sich auch ein Modell mit diffusionskontrollierter Kinetik anwenden. Die Geschwindigkeitskonstante der pseudo-zweiten Ordnung war für frei gelöstes DGM signifikant höher als für DMG, das in Polymeren fixiert war. Die Möglichkeit, Ni(II) mit Gel-immobilisiertem DMG zu entfernen, wurde mit frischem Grubenwasser getestet. Interferenzen mit anderen Ionen verringerten die Eliminationsrate von Ni(II) nicht signifikant, was die hohe Selektivität von DMG bestätigt. Außerdem wurde ein elektrochemischer Sensor getestet, für den eine Nafion-Membran mit immobilisiertem DMG verwendet wurde, um Ni(II) in unbehandeltem Grubenwasser elektrochemisch zu bestimmen. Bestimmungsfehler und Querempfindlichkeiten waren klein. Damit stellt dieser Ansatz eine effektive potentielle Möglichkeit für die selektive Entfernung von Ni(II) aus Grubenwasser sowie für die Herstellung schneller und preiswerter Sensoren für die in situ-Überwachung von Wasser in der Umwelt einschließlich Grubenwasser dar.

Complejación de Ni(II) con dimetilglioxima para la rápida remoción y monitoreo de Ni(II) en agua


La complejación de Ni(II) con dimetilglioxima (DMG) entrampada dentro de una membrana Nafion y una matriz DMG-sol-gel, se estudió y se comparó para diferentes soluciones. La cinética de sorción se evaluó a través de los modelos cinéticos de primer y seudo segundo orden, del modelo Elovich y de los modelos de difusión intrapartícula y a través de la película líquida. La complejación de Ni(II) por DMG entrampada en los materiales poliméricos siguió una cinética de seudo segundo orden; además, DMG en Nafion también permitió una sorción controlada por difusión. La constante de velocidad de seudo segundo orden fue significativamente mayor para el ligando libre en solución que para la acumulación de Ni(II) sobre la superficie de DMG-Nafion. La remoción de Ni(II) por DMG-sol-gel fue analizada usando agua real de mina. La presencia de interferencias solo decreció de modo insignificante el porcentaje de remoción de Ni(II), confirmando la alta selectividad de DMG por Ni(II). Además, se utilizó un sensor electroquímico modificado con DMG en Nafion para la determinación de Ni(II) en agua de mina no tratada. Los errores en la determinación y los efectos de interferencia fueron bajos. Así, esta aproximación representa una solución potencialmente efectiva para la remoción de Ni(II) desde agua de mina así como un sensor rápido y barato para el monitorio on line de Ni(II) en aguas ambientales y en la mina. 






This research was financially supported by the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation (TEKES) through its Green Mining Program and industrial partners Metso Automation Oy, Outotec Oyj, Talvivaara Mining Company Plc, and Ima Engineering Ltd.

Supplementary material

10230_2016_402_MOESM1_ESM.docx (15 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 15 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adriana Ferancová
    • 1
  • Maarit K. Hattuniemi
    • 1
  • Adama M. Sesay
    • 1
  • Jarkko P. Räty
    • 1
  • Vesa T. Virtanen
    • 1
  1. 1.Kajaani University Consortium, Measurement Technology Unit CEMIS-OuluUniversity of OuluKajaaniFinland

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