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Mine Water and the Environment

, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp 248–254 | Cite as

Assessment of Soil and Water Contamination at the Tab-Simco Coal Mine: A Case Study

  • Abhishek RoyChowdhury
  • Dibyendu Sarkar
  • Yang Deng
  • Rupali Datta
Technical Article

Abstract

In 1996, the Tab-Simco site, an abandoned coal mine 10 km southeast of Carbondale, Illinois, was listed as one of the most highly contaminated AMD sites in the mid-continent region. A suite of impacted soil and water samples were collected from various locations to characterize the current extent of AMD pollution, following standard U.S. EPA protocols. The mean pH of soil and water samples were found to be 2.69 and 2.07, respectively. The mean sulfur content of the soil samples was 0.5 %. The AMD-impacted soils contained high concentrations of Fe, Zn, Ni, Cr, Cu, Pb, and As. The AMD also contained high concentrations of Fe, As, Zn, Pb, Cr, Al, Cd, Cu, and Ni, as well as \({\text{SO}}_{4}^{2 - }\), all of which were significantly above their U.S. EPA permissible limits for surface water.

Keywords

Acid base accounting RCRA 8 metals Reclamation Sulfate reducing bioreactor Surface mining 

Bewertung der Boden- und Wasserkontamination am Tab Simco Kohlebergwerk: Eine Fallstudie

Zusammenfassung

1996 wurde das Tab-Simco Areal, ein stillgelegtes Kohlebergwerk ca. 10 km südöstlich von Carbondale, Illinois, als eines der am stärksten durch saures Grubenwasser (AMD) kontaminierten Gebiete in den zentralen USA ausgewiesen. An verschiedenen Stellen wurden entsprechend den Standards der US-EPA Boden- und Wasserproben entnommen, um das aktuelle Ausmaß der Kontamination durch AMD zu erfassen. Der mittlere pH-Wert des Bodens lag bei 2,69 und der des Wassers 2,07. Der mittlere Schwefelgehalt des Bodens betrug 0,5%. Die durch AMD kontaminierten Böden hatten hohe Konzentrationen an Fe, Zn, Ni, Cr, Cu, Pb und As. Das saure Grubenwasser hatte hohe Konzentrationen an Fe, As, Zn, Pb, Cr, Al, Cd, Cu und Ni sowie SO42-, die alle signifikant über den zulässigen Grenzwerten der US-EPA für Oberflächengewässer lagen.

Relevamiento de la contaminación de suelo y agua en la mina de carbón Tab Simco: un estudio de caso

Resumen

En 1996, el sitio Tab-Simco, una mina de carbón abandonada que está ubicada 10 Km al sudeste de Carbondale, Illinois, fue listada como uno de los sitios más altamente contaminados por drenaje ácido de minas (AMD) en la región media continental. Muestras de aguas y de suelo impactado fueron colectada desde varios puntos del sitio para caracterizar la extensión actual de la polución por AMD, siguiendo protocolos estándar de U.S. EPA. Los valores promedio de pH en el suelo y en las muestras de agua fueron 2,69 y 2,07, respectivamente. El contenido promedio de azufre en el suelo fue 0,5%. Los suelos impactados por el AMD contenían altas concentraciones de Fe, Zn, Ni, Cr, Cu, Pb y As. El AMD también contenía altas concentraciones de Fe, As, Zn, Pb, Cr, Al, Cd, Cu y Ni, así como SO42-, todas significativamente superiores a los límites permitidos U.S. EPA para agua superficial. 

Tab Simco煤矿土壤与水污染评价:案例研究

摘要

Tab-Simco煤矿为伊利诺斯州(Illinois)卡本代尔(Carbondale)东南10km的废弃煤矿,1996年被列为中部大陆最严重酸性废水污染区之一。依照美国环保局标准协议,多点采集了受污染土样和水样,以研究AMD当前污染程度。土壤和水样的平均pH值分别为2.69和2.07。土样的平均硫含量为0.5%。AMD污染土样含有高浓度的Fe、Zn、Ni、Cr、Cu、Pb和As。AMD中同样也含有高浓度的Fe、As、Zn、Pb、Cr、Al、Cd、Cu、Ni及SO 4 2- ,都明显超过美国环保局地表水质界限。

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the United States Department of the Interior, Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement for providing funding for this study (OMB No.: 4040-0004). ARC gratefully acknowledges the Assistantship offered to him by the Ph.D. Program in Environmental Management at Montclair State University. Assistance provided to ARC by Dr. Samuel Ma and Mathew Adler from the Southern Illinois University at Carbondale in collecting the soil and water samples from the Tab-Simco site is also acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abhishek RoyChowdhury
    • 1
  • Dibyendu Sarkar
    • 1
  • Yang Deng
    • 2
  • Rupali Datta
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Civil, Environmental and Ocean EngineeringStevens Institute of TechnologyHobokenUSA
  2. 2.Department of Earth and Environmental StudiesMontclair State UniversityMontclairUSA
  3. 3.Department of Biological SciencesMichigan Technological UniversityHoughtonUSA

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