Skip to main content

Tachysurus latifrontalis, a new bagrid species from the Jiulong-Jiang basin in Fujian Province, South China (Teleostei: Bagridae)


Tachysurus latifrontalis, a new catfish species, is here described based on specimens collected from the Jiulongjiang River: a coastal river flowing into the South China Sea in Zhangzhou City, Fujian Province, South China. It belongs to the Tachysurus nitidus species group within the genus Tachysurus, defined by having a smooth anterior margin of the pectoral-fin spine, short maxillary barbels not extending to the base of the pectoral-fin spine, at least 20 anal-fin rays and a deeply forked caudal fin. This new species is distinct from the other two members of this group, Tachysurus nitidus (nec Sauvage and Dabry de Thiersant 1874) and Tachysurus fui (Miao 1934), in having a wider interorbital space [width 46.3–55.0% of head length (HL) vs. 34.3–45.5%], shorter nasal barbels (length 10.6–17.2% of HL vs. 18.1–29.2%), and a deeper body [depth at anus 17.4–27.6% of standard length (SL) vs. 13.4–22.5%]. It further differs from T. fui in having fewer anal-fin rays (20–23 vs. 27–33), a shorter (vs. longer) anal-fin base (length 22.1–28.2% of SL vs. 29.8–36.0%) and a gas bladder with (vs. without) beaded lateral and posterior margins, and from T. nitidus in having a shorter (vs. longer) (length 18.8–20.2% of HL vs. 30.8–37.4%) as well as blunt and rounded (vs. projected and slightly pointed) snout.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7


  • Berg LS (1907) Beschreibungen einiger neuer Fische aus dem Stromgebiete des Amur. Ezhegodnik, Zool Muz Imper Akad Nauk 12(3):418–423

    Google Scholar 

  • Bleeker P (1864) Rhinobagrus et Pelteobagrus deux genres nouveaux de Siluroïdes de Chine. Ned Tijdschr Dierk 2(1–3):7–10

    Google Scholar 

  • Boulenger GA (1892) Description of a new siluroid fish from China. Ann Mag Nat Hist (Ser 6) 9:247

  • Cheng QT, Zheng BS (1987) Systematic synopsis of Chinese fishes. Science Press, Beijing

    Google Scholar 

  • Cheng JL, Ishihara H, Zhang E (2008) Pseudobagrus brachyrhabdion, a new catfish (Teleostei: Bagridae) from the middle Yangtze River drainage, South China. Ichthyol Res 55:112–123

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cheng JL, López JA, Zhang E (2009) Pseudobagrus fui Miao, a valid bagrid species from the Yangtze River drainage, South China (Teleostei: Bagridae). Zootaxa 2072:56–68

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cheng JL, Shao WH, López JA, Zhang E (2021) Tachysurus lani, a new catfish species (Teleostei: Bagridae) from the Pearl River basin, South China. Ichthyol Explor Freshw 1156:1–17

    Google Scholar 

  • Cui GH (1990) Bagridae (Siluriformes). In: Chu XL, Chen YR (eds) The fishes of Yunnan, China. Part II Cyprinidae. Science Press, Beijing, pp 145–166

    Google Scholar 

  • Dybowski BI (1872) Zur Kenntniss der Fischfauna des Amurgebietes. Verhand K K Zool-Bot Gesell Wien 22:209–222

    Google Scholar 

  • Ferraris CJ (2007) Checklist of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes), and catalogue of siluriform primary types. Zootaxa 1418:81–107

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Günther A (1873) Report on a collection of fishes from China. Ann Mag Nat Hist 4:239–250

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Günther A (1864) Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Siluridae, Characinidae, Haplochitonidae, Sternoptychidae, Scopelidae, Stomiatidae in the collection of the British Museum. Catalog Fishes British Mus 5: i–xxii + 1–455

  • Günther A (1868) Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Heteropygii, Cyprinidae, Gonorhynchidae, Hyodontidae, Osteoglossidae, Clupeidae, Chirocentridae, Alepocephalidae, Notopteridae, Halosauridae in the collection of the British Museum. Catalog Fishes British Mus 7: i–xx + 1–512

  • Günther A (1892) Appendix II. In: Pratti AE (ed) To the snow of Tibet through China. Longmans, Green & Co, London, p 245

  • Jang-Liaw NH, Chen IS (2013) Onychostoma minnanensis, a new cyprinid species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from Fujian, southern mainland China, with comments on the mitogenetic differentiation among related species. Ichthyol Res 60:62–74

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ku XY, Peng ZG, Diogo R, He SP (2007) MtDNA phylogeny provides evidence of generic polyphyleticism for East Asian bagrid catfishes. Hydrobiologia 579:147–159

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lacépède BGE (1803) Histoire naturelle des poissons. Vol 5. Chez Plassan, Paris

    Google Scholar 

  • Lee CL, Kim IS (1990) A taxonomic revision of the family Bagridae (Pisces, Siluriformes) from Korea. Korean J Ichthyol 2:117–137

    Google Scholar 

  • Li JP, Zheng CY (1998) Ichthyofauna of the Hanjiang River for freshwater fishes. J Jinan Univ (Nat Sci Med Ed) 19:100–104

    Google Scholar 

  • Li J, Chen XL, Chan BPL (2005) A new species of Pseudobagrus (Teleostei: Siluirformes: Bagridae) from southern China. Zootaxa 1067:49–57

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mai DY (1978) Freshwater fish in Vietnam. Science & Technology Publisher, Ha Noi

    Google Scholar 

  • Miao CP (1934) Notes on the fresh-water fishes of the southern part of Kiangsu I., Chinkiang. Contrib Biol Lab Sci Soc China (Zool) 10:111–244

    Google Scholar 

  • Ng HH (2009) Tachysurus spilotus, a new species of catfish from central Vietnam (Teleostei: Bagridae). Zootaxa 2283:16–28

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ng HH, Freyhof J (2007) Pseudobagrus nubilosus, a new species of catfish from central Vietnam (Teleostei:Bagridae), with notes on the validity of Pelteobagrus and Pseudobagrus. Ichthyol Explor Freshw 18:9–16

    Google Scholar 

  • Ng HH, Kottelat M (2007) The identity of Tachysurus sinensis La Cepède, 1803, with the designation of a neotype (Teleostei: Bagridae) and notes on the identity of T. fulvidraco (Richardson, 1845). Electron J Ichthyol 2:35–45

    Google Scholar 

  • Nguyen HD and Nguyen VH (2005) Cá nước ngọt Việt Nam. Tâp II. Nhà xuất bản nông nghiệp, Hà Nội

  • Nichols JT (1926) Some Chinese fresh-water fishes. Am Mus Novit 356:1–7

    Google Scholar 

  • Nichols JT (1930) Some Chinese fresh-water fishes. Am Mus Novit 440: 1–5

    Google Scholar 

  • Nichols JT (1931) Some Chinese fresh-water fishes. XXVIII. A collection from Chungan Hsien, northwestern Fukien. Am Mus Novit 449:1–3

    Google Scholar 

  • Nichols JT, Pope CH (1927) The fishes of Hainan. Bull Am Mus Nat Hist 54:321–394

    Google Scholar 

  • Okada Y, Kubota SS (1957) Description of a new fresh water cat-fish Coreobagrus ichikawai, with an emendation of the genus Coreobagrus Mori. Japan J Ichthyol 5:143–145

    Google Scholar 

  • Oshima M (1919) Contributions to the study of the fresh water fishes of the Island of Formosa. Ann Carnegie Mus 12(2–4):185–204

    Google Scholar 

  • Oshima M (1926) Notes on a collection of fishes from Hainan, obtained by Prof. S. F. Light. Annot Zool Jpn 11:1–25

  • Regan CT (1904) On a collection of fishes made by Mr. John Graham at Yunnan Fu. Ann Mag Nat Hist (Ser 7) 13:190–194

  • Regan CT (1905) Description de six poissons nouveaux faisant partie de la collection du Musée d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève. Rev Suisse Zool 13:389–393

  • Regan CT (1908) Descriptions of new freshwater fishes from China and Japan. Ann Mag Nat Hist (Ser 8) 1:149–153

  • Regan CT (1913) A synopsis of the siluroid fishes of the genus Liocassis, with descriptions of new species. Ann Mag Natl Hist (Ser 8) 11:547–554

  • Reist JD (1985) An empirical evaluation of several univariate methods that adjust for the size variatiobn in morphological data. Can J Zool 63:1429–1439

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rendahl H (1928) Beiträge zur kenntnis der Chinesischen Süsswasserfische. I. Systematischer Teil. Arkiv för Zoologi 20 A:1–194

  • Richardson J (1846) Report on the ichthyology of the seas of China and Japan. In: British Association for the Advancement of Science (ed) Report of the fifteenth meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. John Murray, London, pp 187–320

  • Sauvage HE, Dabry de Thiersant P (1874) Notes sur les poissons des eaux douces de la Chine. Ann Sci Nat, Paris (Zool) Ser 5 1(art 5):1–18

  • Sauvage HE (1883) Sur une collection de poissons recuellie dans le lac Biwako (Japon) par M. F. Steenackers. Bull Soc Philomath Paris (Sér 7) 7:144–150

  • Shaw TH (1930) Notes on some fishes from Ka-Shing and Shing-Tsong, Chekiang Province. Bull Fan Mem Inst Biol 1:109–121

    Google Scholar 

  • Steindachner F, Döderlein L (1887) Beitrage zur Kenntniss der Fische Japan's. IV. Denkschr Kais Akad Wiss Wien 47:257–296

    Google Scholar 

  • Temminck CJ, Schlegel H (1846) Pisces, parts 10–14. In: Siebold PF (ed) Fauna Japonica, sive descriptio animalium, quae in itinere per Japoniam, suscepto annis 1823–1830 collegit, notis, observationibus et adumbrationibus illustravit. Arnz et Socios, Leiden, pp 173–269

  • Watanabe K (1995) Pseudobagrus pratti, a senior synonym of P. emarginatus. Jpn J Ichthyol 42:321–324

    Google Scholar 

  • Watanabe K (2010) Mating behavior and larval development of Pseudobagrus ichikawai (Siluriformes: Bagridae). Jpn J Ichthyol 41:243–251

    Google Scholar 

  • Watanabe K, Maeda H (1995) Redescription of two ambiguous Japanese Bagrids, Pseudobagrus aurantiacus (Temminck and Schlegel) and P. tokiensis Döderlein. Jpn J Ichthyol 41:409–420

    Google Scholar 

  • Yang JQ, Hsu KC, Liu ZZ, Su W, Kuo PH, Tang WQ, Zhou ZC, Liu D, Bao BL, Lin HD (2016) The population history of Garra orientalis (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) using mitochondrial DNA and microsatellite data with approximate Bayesian computation. BMC Evol Biol 16:73

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  • Zhao LJ (2012) Genetic diversity and phylogeographical pattern of Sinibrama macrops. Shanghai Maritime University Press, Shanghai

    Google Scholar 

  • Zheng CY (1979) On a new catfish of the genus Leiocassis from Guangdong Province, China. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 4:182–184

    Google Scholar 

  • Zheng BS, Dai DY (1999) Bagridae. In: Chu XL, Zheng BS, Dai DY (eds) Fauna Sinica: Osteichthyes: Siluriforms. Science Press, Beijing, pp 35–73

    Google Scholar 

  • Zhu YD (1984) The fishes of Fujian province. Fujian science and technology press, Fuzhou

    Google Scholar 

  • Zhu SQ (1995) Synopsis of freshwater fishes of China. Jiangsu Science and Technology Publishing House, Nanjing

    Google Scholar 

Download references


This study was funded by the special foundation for Natural Science and Technology Basic Research Program of China (2019FY10904) and the special foundation for Biodiversity Survey, Monitoring and Assessment (2019HB2096001006).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to E Zhang.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

This article was registered in the Official Registry of Zoological Nomenclature (ZooBank) as A33A8C29-F76A-4D48-AA0B-97C8259B6A15.

This article was published as an Online First article on the online publication date shown on this page. The article should be cited by using the doi number.

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Shao, WH., Zhang, E. Tachysurus latifrontalis, a new bagrid species from the Jiulong-Jiang basin in Fujian Province, South China (Teleostei: Bagridae). Ichthyol Res (2022).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI:


  • Taxonomy
  • New taxon
  • Catfish
  • Morphology