Skip to main content

Taxonomic status of two nominal species of Tetraroge (Perciformes: Tetrarogidae): Tetraroge albifrons Duncker and Mohr 1929 and Tetraroge bellona De Vis 1884


The taxonomic status of two waspfishes (Perciformes: Tetrarogidae) are revised. The lectotype of Tetraroge albifrons Duncker and Mohr 1929, previously regarded as a junior synonym of Tetraroge barbata (Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes 1829), is confirmed as Tetraroge nigra (Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes 1829), due to the absence of a pair of barbels on the anterior tip of the lower jaw. Although Tetraroge bellona De Vis 1884 has previously been regarded as a junior synonym of Centropogon australis (Shaw in White 1790), the holotype of the former is confirmed as Notesthes robusta (Günther 1860), the only member of the genus Notesthes Ogilby 1903.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2


  • Allen GR, Hoese DF, Cross NJ, Bray DJ (2006) Tetrarogidae. In: Hoese DF, Bray DJ, Paxton JR, Allen GR (eds) Zoological catalogue of Australia. Vol 35. Pt 2. Fishes. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, pp 896–902

    Google Scholar 

  • Chungthanawong S, Motomura H (2021a) Review of the waspfish genus Neocentropogon (Tetrarogidae), with a key to genera in the family. Ichthyol Res. (also appeared in Ichthyol Res 68:404–425)

  • Chungthanawong S, Motomura H (2021b) Correction to: Review of the waspfish genus Neocentropogon (Tetrarogidae), with a key to genera in the family. Ichthyol Res.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  • Cuvier G, Valenciennes A (1829) Histoire naturelle des poisons, vol 4. Chez FG Levrault, Paris

    Google Scholar 

  • De Vis CW (1884) New Australian fishes in the Queensland Museum. Part II. Proc Linn Soc NSW 9:453–462

    Google Scholar 

  • Duncker G, Mohr E (1929) Die fische der Südsee-Expedition der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Stiftung 1908–1909. Teil 3. Acanthopteri sens. ampl., Physoclisti malacopterygii, Physostomi, Plagiostomi. Mitt Zool Staatsinst Zool Mus Hamb 44:57–84

    Google Scholar 

  • Fricke R, Eschmeyer WN, van der Laan R (eds) (2021) Catalog of fishes: genera, species, references. Accessed 13 November 2021

  • Günther A (1860) Catalogue of the acanthopterygian fishes in the collection of the British Museum. Vol 2. Squamipinnes, Cirrhitidae, Triglidae, Trachinidae, Sciaenidae, Polynemidae, Sphyraenidae, Trichiuridae, Scombridae, Carangidae, Xiphiidae. British Museum, London

  • Günther A (1862) Descriptions of new species of reptiles and fishes in the collection of the British Museum. Proc Zool Soc London 1862:188–194, pls 25–27

  • Johnson JW, Motomura H (2008) Family Tetrarogidae. Wasp fishes, sailback scorpionfishes. In: Gomon M, Bray D, Kuiter R (eds) Fishes of Australia's southern coast. New Holland Publishers, Sydney, pp 498–501

    Google Scholar 

  • Kottelat M (2013) The fishes of the inland waters of southeast Asia: a catalogue and core bibliography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries. Raffles Bull Zool Suppl 27:1–663

    Google Scholar 

  • Ladiges W, von Wahlert G, Mohr E (1958) Die typen und typoide der fischsammlung des Hamburgischen Zoologischen Staatsinstituts und Zoologischen Museums. Mitt Hamb Zool Mus Inst 56:155–167

    Google Scholar 

  • Mees GF (1962) Additions to the fish fauna of Western Australia—3. Fish Bull West Aust 9:23–30, pl 1

  • Nakabo T, Kai Y (2013) Tetrarogidae. Racehorses. In: Nakabo T (ed) Fishes of Japan with pictorial keys to the species. 3rd edition. Tokai University Press, Hadano, pp 707–709, 1947

    Google Scholar 

  • Ogilby JD (1903) Studies in the ichthyology of Queensland. Proc Royal Soc Qld 18:7–27

    Google Scholar 

  • Poss SG (1999) Scorpaenidae. Scorpionfishes (also, lionfishes, rockfishes, stingfishes, stonefishes, and waspfishes). In: Carpenter KE, Niem VH (eds) FAO species identification guide for fisheries purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Vol 4. Bony fishes pt 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome, pp 2291–2352

  • Quoy JRC, Gaimard JP (1824) Chapitre IX. Description des poissons. In: Freycinet MLde (ed) Voyage autour du monde. Pillet Aîné, Paris, pp 192–401

  • Sabaj MH (2020) Codes for natural history collections in Ichthyology and Herpetology. Copeia 108:593–669

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sherborn CD (1891) Note on the authors of the specific names in John White's 'Journal of a voyage to New South Wales', 1790. Ann Mag Nat Hist (Ser 6) 7:535

  • Steindachner F (1866) Zur fischfauna von Port Jackson in Australien. Sitzber K Akad Wiss Wien Math Nat Cl 53:424–481, pls 1–7

  • White J (1790) Journal of a voyage to New South Wales with sixty-five plates of non descript animals, birds, lizards, serpents, curious cones of trees and other natural productions. J. D. Piccadilly, London

  • Wilkens H, Dohse R (1993) Die typen der ichthyologischen cammlung des Zoologischen Instituts und Zoologischen Museums der Universität Hamburg (ZMH) Teil IV. Mitt Hamb Zool Mus Inst 90:401–426

    Google Scholar 

Download references


We are especially grateful to E. Dondorp (RMNH), and L. Goodayle and J. Maclaine (BMNH) for providing photographs of the type specimens of Apistus barbatus and Centropogon robustus, respectively; P. Pruvost, R. Causse, Z. Gabsi, L.-M. Duque Vélez, and P. Béarez (MNHN), A. Palandacic (NMW), J. Johnson (QM), M. Allen (WAM), and R. Thiel (ZMH) for providing opportunities to examine specimens; and H. Hata (NSMT) for providing literature. We are grateful also to G. Hardy (Ngunguru, New Zealand) for reading the manuscript and providing help with English. This study was supported in part by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers 20H03311, 21H03651 and 21K14905, the JSPS Core-to-Core CREPSUM JPJSCCB20200009, and the “Establishment of Glocal Research and Education Network in the Amami Islands” project of Kagoshima University adopted by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Mizuki Matsunuma.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

This article was registered in the Official Register of Zoological Nomenclature (ZooBank) as BD996389-48A6-4CA2-9C30-D03D6FDEBB81.

This article was published as an Online First article on the online publication date shown on this page. The article should be cited by using the doi number.

Supplementary Information

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Supplementary file1 (PDF 911 KB)

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Matsunuma, M., Chungthanawong, S. & Motomura, H. Taxonomic status of two nominal species of Tetraroge (Perciformes: Tetrarogidae): Tetraroge albifrons Duncker and Mohr 1929 and Tetraroge bellona De Vis 1884. Ichthyol Res (2022).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI:


  • Tetraroge nigra
  • Notesthes robusta
  • Taxonomy
  • Synonym