Diet and feeding habits of two endemic demersal bycatch elasmobranchs: Trygonorrhina fasciata & Dentiraja australis

Abstract

This study describes diet and feeding habits of two common bycatch elasmobranchs in East Australia: The Eastern Fiddler Ray Trygonorrhina fasciata (Muller & Henle, 1841) and the Sydney Skate Dentiraja australis (Macleay, 1884). Using stomach content analysis, we describe diet composition, food preferences and trophic levels of these batoids. Crustaceans were major components in the diet of both species which included teleosts and cephalopods. There was no indication of sex-related distinction in the diet of either species. The estimated trophic level (TL) of the T. fasciata was TL = 3.36 and the D. australis was TL = 3.43.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5

References

  1. Ajemian MJ, Powers SP, Murdoch TJT (2012) Estimating the Potential Impacts of Large Mesopredators on Benthic Resources: Integrative Assessment of Spotted Eagle Ray Foraging Ecology in Bermuda. PLOS ONE

  2. Anderson MJ (2005) Permutational multivariate analysis of variance. In: Department of Statistics, University of Auckland, Auckland, vol 26. pp 32-46

  3. Anderson MJ (2006) Distance‐based tests for homogeneity of multivariate dispersions. Biometrics 62:245-253

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Anderson MJ, Ellingsen KE, McArdle BH (2006) Multivariate dispersion as a measure of beta diversity. Ecol Lett 9:683-693

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Bruce N, Adlard R, Cannon L (1994) Synoptic checklist of ascaridoid parasites (Nematoda) from fish hosts. Invert Syst 8:583-674 doi:https://doi.org/10.1071/IT9940583

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Bundy A, Link J, Smith B, Cook A (2011) You are what you eat, whenever or wherever you eat it: an integrative analysis of fish food habits in Canadian and USA waters. J Fish Biol. 78:514-539

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Cortés E (1997) A critical review of methods of studying fish feeding based on analysis of stomach contents: application to elasmobranch fishes. Can J Fish Aquat Sci. 54:726-738 https://doi.org/10.1139/f96-316

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Cortés E (1999) Standardized diet compositions and trophic levels of sharks. ICES J Mar Sci. 56:707-717 https://doi.org/10.1006/jmsc.1999.0489

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Costa T, Thayer J, Mendes L (2015) Population characteristics, habitat and diet of a recently discovered stingray Dasyatis marianae: implications for conservation. J Fish Biol. 86:527-543

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Ebert DA, Bizzarro JJ (2007) Standardized diet compositions and trophic levels of skates (Chondrichthyes: Rajiformes: Rajoidei). Environ. Biol. Fishes 80:221-237 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-007-9227-4

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Ebert DA, Cowley PD, Compagno LJV (1991) A PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION OF THE FEEDING ECOLOGY OF SKATES (BATOIDEA, RAJIDAE) OFF THE WEST-COAST OF SOUTHERN AFRICA. South Afr J Mar Sci-Suid-Afr Tydsk. Seewetens. 10:71-81

    Google Scholar 

  12. Essington TE (2003) Development and sensitivity analysis of bioenergetics models for skipjack tuna and albacore: a comparison of alternative life histories. Trans Am Fish Soc. 132:759-770

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Froese R, Pauly DE (2015) FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. Available at: http://www.fishbase.org. Accessed 26-02-2016

  14. Garcia SM, Cochrane KL (2005) Ecosystem approach to fisheries: a review of implementation guidelines. ICES J Mar Sci. 62:311-318

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Gordon JDM, Duncan JAR (2009) A Note on The Distribution and Diet of Deep-Water Rays (Rajidae) in An Area of The Rockall Trough. J Mar Biol Ass of the U. K. 69:655-658 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0025315400031040

  16. Graham K, L. Andrew N, E. Hodgson K (2001) Changes in relative abundance of sharks and rays on Australian South East Fishery trawl grounds after twenty years of fishing. Mar Freshwat Res. 52:549-561 https://doi.org/10.1071/mf99174

  17. Gray JS (1997) Marine biodiversity: patterns, threats and conservation needs. Biodivers Conserv. 6:153-175 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1018335901847

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Griffiths SP, Kuhnert PM, Fry GF, Manson FJ (2009) Temporal and size-related variation in the diet, consumption rate, and daily ration of mackerel tuna (Euthynnus affinis) in neritic waters of eastern Australia. ICES J Mar Sci 66:720-733

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Hewitt G, Hine P (1972) Checklist of parasites of New Zealand fishes and of their hosts. N Z J Mar Freshwat Res. 6:69-114

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Huveneers C (2015) Trygonorrhina fasciata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T41866A43270478. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T41866A43270478.en

  21. Jacobsen IP, Bennett MB (2013) A Comparative Analysis of Feeding and Trophic Level Ecology in Stingrays (Rajiformes; Myliobatoidei) and Electric Rays (Rajiformes: Torpedinoidei). PLOS ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0071348

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  22. Kaschner K, J. Rius-Barile, K. Kesner-Reyes, C. Garilao, S.O. Kullander, T. Rees, Froese. R (2013) AquaMaps: Predicted range maps for aquatic species. World wide web electronic publication, www.AquaMaps.org, Version 08/2013

  23. Knoff M, São Clemente SCd, Pinto RM, Gomes DC (2001) Nematodes of elasmobranch fishes from the southern coast of Brazil. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 96:81-87

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Last PRPR et al. (2009) Sharks and rays of Australia., 2nd ed edn. CSIRO Pub

  25. Lipej L, Mavrič B, Paliska D, Capapé C (2012) Feeding habits of the pelagic stingray Pteroplatytrygon violacea (Chondrichthyes: Dasyatidae) in the Adriatic Sea. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. of the U. K. 93:285-290 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0025315412000197

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Marasco RJ, Goodman D, Grimes CB, Lawson PW, Punt AE, Quinn II TJ (2007) Ecosystem-based fisheries management: some practical suggestions. Can J Fish Aquat Sci. 64:928-939

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. Michael SW (1993) Reef sharks and rays of the world: a guide to their identification, behavior, and ecology. Sea Challengers, Monterey, California

    Google Scholar 

  28. Morato T, Solà E, Grós MP, Menezes G (2003) Diets of thornback ray (Raja clavata) and tope shark (Galeorhinus galeus) in the bottom longline fishery of the Azores, northeastern Atlantic. Fish Bull. 101:590-602

    Google Scholar 

  29. Myers RA, Baum JK, Shepherd TD, Powers SP, Peterson CH (2007) Cascading Effects of the Loss of Apex Predatory Sharks from a Coastal Ocean. Science 315:1846-1850 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1138657

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  30. Orlov A (2003) Diets, feeding habits, and trophic relations of six deep-benthic skates (Rajidae) in the western Bering Sea. J Ichthyol Aquat Biol 7:45-59

    Google Scholar 

  31. Pikitch E et al. (2004) Ecosystem-Based Fishery Management. Science 305:346-347

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Ponte D, Barcelos L, Santos C, Medeiros J, Barreiros J (2016) Diet of Dasyatis pastinaca and Myliobatis aquila (Myliobatiformes) from the Azores, NE Atlantic. Cybium 40:209-214

    Google Scholar 

  33. Ritchie EG, Johnson CN (2009) Predator interactions, mesopredator release and biodiversity conservation. Ecol. Lett. 12:982-998 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2009.01347.x

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  34. Romera SA (1993) Proleptus acutus (Nematoda: Physalopteridae), a Parasite from an Argentinian Skate, Sympterygia bonapartei (Pisces: Rajidae). J Parasitol. 79:620-623 https://doi.org/10.2307/3283393

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  35. Saglam H, Ak O, Kutlu S, Aydin İ (2009) Diet and feeding strategy of the common stingray (Dasyatis pastinaca (Linnaeus, 1758)) at the Turkish coast of south-eastern Black Sea. Cah Biol Mar. vol 51

  36. Scandol JP, Holloway MG, Gibbs PJ, Astles KL (2005) Ecosystem-based fisheries management: an Australian perspective. Aquat Living Resour. 18:261-273

    Article  Google Scholar 

  37. Soares LSH, Vazzoler AEAdM, Correa AR (1999) Diel feeding chronology of the skate raja Agassizii (Müller & Henle) (Pisces, Elasmobranchii) on the continental shelf off Ubatuba, Southeastern Brazil. Rev Bras Zool. 16:201-212

    Article  Google Scholar 

  38. Stevens JD, Valenti SV (2009) Dipturus australis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009-2.RLTS.T161637A5470186.en

  39. Walker T, Stuart Gason A (2007) Shark and other chondrichthyan byproduct and bycatch estimation in the Southern and Eastern Scalefish and Shark Fishery. Final report to Fisheries Research and Development Corporation Project No. 2001/007. (July 2007.) 182 + vi pp. (Primary Industries Research Victoria: Queenscliff, Victoria, Australia). https://doi.org/10.13140/2.1.3353.8564

  40. Yıgın C, Ismen A (2010) Age, growth, reproduction and feed of longnosed skate, Dipturus oxyrinchus (Linnaeus, 1758) in Saros Bay, the north Aegean Sea. J Appl Ichthyol. 26:913-919 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2010.01510.x

    Article  Google Scholar 

  41. Zander CD (1982) Feeding ecology of littoral gobiid and blennioid fish of the Banyuls area (Mediterranean Sea). 1. Main food and trophic dimension of niche and ecotope. In: Vie Millieu, vol 32. pp 1-10

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Daniel Johnson, Matt Harrison and Dr. Vic Peddemors and the Department of Primary Industries – Fisheries Observers Program for the samples provided for this study, the Sydney Institute of Marine Sciences for the use of facilities, Mr. Mark Macinante for the assistance with dissections and to the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) for scholarship funding (Process BEX 13590-13-8). This research was conducted under animal ethics approval (ACEC ref: 16/02) to the NSW Department of Primary Industries. This is contribution number #253 to the Sydney Institute of Marine Science – SIMS.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Marcelo Reis.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Reis, M., Figueira, W.F. Diet and feeding habits of two endemic demersal bycatch elasmobranchs: Trygonorrhina fasciata & Dentiraja australis. Ichthyol Res 67, 320–329 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10228-019-00724-7

Download citation

Keywords

  • Batoids
  • Diet
  • East Australia
  • Rajidae
  • Rhinobatidae
  • Trophic level