Record of a mature female Ophichthus zophistius (Anguilliformes: Ophichthidae) from the northwestern Pacific
- 110 Downloads
The family Ophichthidae (Anguilliformes), or snake eels, currently contains approximately 323 species. Most of these species inhabit waters shallower than 200 m in the coastal areas of tropical and temperate oceans (Smith and McCosker 1999; Nelson et al. 2016; Hibino et al. 2019). Despite this extensive distribution, relatively little is known about the reproductive biology of this family.
In the Atlantic Ocean, Ophichthus rufus, which is distributed along the Mediterranean shelf, is iteroparous with a spawning season that extends from July to October (Bauchot 1986; Casadevall et al. 2001). A single specimen of O. puncticeps with a mature testis was collected off North Carolina in January (Ross and Rohde 2003). Wenner (1976) described the gonad structure of mature specimens of O. cruentifer males and females, collected from Norfolk Canyon, off Norfolk, Virginia, in June. Ahlia egmontiswith well-developed gonads was collected off Cape Gracias a Dios in Central America in November...
We are especially grateful to Fishing Master Mr. S. Kurosaka and his crew aboard the commercial fishing vessel Kaiyo Maru No. 30 for their assistance onboard during the cruise. We thank Y. Hibino for valuable comments on O. zophistius. We also thank S. Watanabe for encouragement and useful comments in preparing the manuscript. This specimen was captured as part of a research conducted by the JAMARC.
- Bauchot ML (1986) Ophichthidae. In: Whitehead PJP, Bauchot ML, Hureau JC, Nielsen J, Tortonese E (eds) Fishes of the North-Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, Vol 2. UNESCO, Paris, pp 577–585Google Scholar
- Casadevall M, Muñoz M, Carrasson M, Matallanas J (2001) The reproductive cycle of Ophichthus rufus (Anguilliformes) in the northwest Mediterranean. Cybium 25: 53–65Google Scholar
- Hata H (2018) Ophichthidae. In: Koeda K, Hata H, Yamada M, Motomura H (eds) Field guide to fishes landed at Uchinoura Fishing Port, Kagoshima, Japan. The Kagoshima University Museum, Kagoshima, pp 59–63Google Scholar
- Hatooka K (2013) Ophichthidae. In: Nakabo T (ed) Fishes of Japan with pictorial keys to the species, 3rd edition. Tokai University Press, Hadano, pp 266–277, 1794–1802Google Scholar
- McCosker JE, Böhlke EB, Böhlke JE (1989) Family Ophichthidae. In: Böhlke EB (eds) Fishes of the Western North Atlantic, Part 9, Vol. 1: Orders Anguilliformes and Saccopharyngiformes. Sean Foundation for Marine Research, Yale University, New Haven, pp 254–412Google Scholar
- Ross SW, Rohde FC (2003) Collections of ophichthid eels on the surface at night off North Carolina. Bull Mar Sci 72: 241–246Google Scholar
- Smith DG, McCosker JE (1999) Ophichthidae: snake eels, worm eels. In: Carpenter KE, Niem VH (eds) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific 3. FAO, Rome, pp 1662–1669Google Scholar
- Tsukamoto K, Chow S, Otake T, Kurogi H, Mochioka N, Miller MJ, Aoyama J, Kimura S, Watanabe S, Yoshinaga T, Shinoda A, Kuroki M, Oya M, Watanabe T, Hata K, Ijiri S, Kazeto Y, Nomura K, Tanaka H (2011) Oceanic spawning ecology of freshwater eels in the western North Pacific. Nat Commun, 2, 179CrossRefGoogle Scholar