Revision of an armored searobin genus Scalicus Jordan 1923 (Actinopterygii: Teleostei: Peristediidae) with a single new species

Abstract

The Indo-Pacific peristediid genus Scalicus Jordan 1923 is taxonomically revised with six species including a single new species: Scalicus engyceros (Günther 1872), Scalicus hians (Gilbert and Cramer 1897), Scalicus orientalis (Fowler 1938), Scalicus paucibarbatus sp. nov., Scalicus quadratorostratus (Fourmanoir and Rivaton 1979) and Scalicus serrulatus (Alcock 1898). The new species differs from its congeners in having a stick-like rostral projection with ball-like fleshy mass at the tip, rostral projection width 2.12–4.60 in rostral projection length; 4 lip and 3 chin barbels; 8–11 branches on filamentous barbel; filamentous barbel lacking membrane between its each branch, its length 13.1–20.4% of standard length; posteriormost chin barbel simple (rarely divided into two branches at the base); and presence of antrorse spines on posterior bony plates of upper lateral row. It is clear that Scalicus amiscus (Jordan and Starks 1904) and Scalicus investigatoris (Alcock 1898) are junior synonyms of S. hians, respectively, and Scalicus gilberti (Jordan 1921) is a junior synonym of S. engyceros. A key to the species of Scalicus is presented. In addition, lectotypes are designated for S. hians, S. quadratorostratus and S. serrulatus, respectively.

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Acknowledgments

I sincerely thank William J. Richards (National Marine Fisheries Service, Southeast Fisheries Science Center/NOAA) for his critical reading of a draft manuscript and valuable suggestions. I thank the following individuals for loans of specimens, or providing access to their museums: James Maclaine (BMNH), Arnold Y. Suzumoto and Lori O’Hara (BPBM), Hiromitsu Endo (BSKU), David Catania, Mysi Hoang and Tomio Iwamoto (CAS), Yoshiaki Kai and Takashi P. Satoh (FAKU), Naohide Nakayama (formerly FAKU), Fumihito Tashiro (HUMZ), Seong-Yong Kim (MABIK), Karsten Hartel (MCZ), Patrice Pruvost, Romain Causse, Zora Gabsi and Lina M. Duque Vélez (MNHN), Yukio Iwatsuki (MUFS), Hsuan-Ching Ho (NMMB), Keiichi Matsuura, Gento Shinohara and Masanori Nakae (NSMT), Koichi Hoshino (SNFR), Makoto Okamoto (formerly SNFR), Jeffrey T. Williams, Jerry Finan, Jeffrey M. Clayton and Sandra J. Raredon (USNM), Mikhail Nazarkin (ZIN) and Krishnamoorthy Venkataraman (ZSI). Finally, I am grateful to the two anonymous referees for their valuable suggestions.

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Correspondence to Toshio Kawai.

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Kawai, T. Revision of an armored searobin genus Scalicus Jordan 1923 (Actinopterygii: Teleostei: Peristediidae) with a single new species. Ichthyol Res 66, 437–459 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10228-019-00691-z

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Keywords

  • Scalicus paucibarbatus sp. nov.
  • Indo-Pacific
  • Synonym
  • Nemaperistedion
  • Deep-sea fish