Redescription of Dendrochirus zebra (Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae) with a new species of Dendrochirus from the Ogasawara Islands, Japan

Abstract

Dendrochirus zebra (Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes 1829) (Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae) is redescribed on the basis of 405 specimens from the Indo-West Pacific region. The species is diagnosed by the following combination of characters: dorsal-fin soft rays usually 10 (rarely 9 or 11); anal-fin soft rays usually 6 (rarely 5 or 7); pectoral-fin rays usually 17 (rarely 15, 16 or 18); scale rows in longitudinal series 45–57; three barbels on snout tip; pectoral-fin rays with up to two branches (maximum) throughout life; and distinct horizontal T-shaped (rotated 90° counterclockwise) marking on caudal peduncle. Dendrochirus sausaulele Jordan and Seale 1906 is regarded as a junior synonym of D. zebra. A syntype of Pterois zebra from Mauritius is designated as lectotype of the species. Dendrochirus koyo sp. nov. is described on the basis of a single specimen from 143 m depth off Chichi-jima Island, Ogasawara Islands, Japan. The new species is characterized by 10 dorsal-fin soft rays, 7 anal-fin soft rays, 18 pectoral-fin rays, 51 scale rows in longitudinal series, 3 barbels on the snout tip, and a K-shaped marking on the caudal peduncle. Notes are included on the status of “Pterois zebra” Quoy and Gaimard 1825 and “Brachypterus” sensu Catala 1964.

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Acknowledgments

We are especially grateful to the captain and crew of RV Kōyo-maru (Tokyo Metropolitan Islands Area Research and Development Center of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries) for collecting the holotype of D. koyo, and K. Matsuura, G. Shinohara, M. Nakae and K. Kuriiwa (NSMT); M. McGrouther, A. Hay and S. Reader (AMS); S.-P. Huang (ASIZP) and K.-T. Shao, Y.-C. Liao and M.-Y. Lee (formerly ASIZP); A. Suzumoto and L. O’Hara (BPBM); A. Graham (CSIRO); T. Nakabo and Y. Kai (FAKU) and F. Tashiro (formerly FAKU); K. Swagel (FMNH); S. Kimura (FRLM); H. Imamura (HUMZ); H. Senou (KPM); P. Pruvost, R. Causse, Z. Gabsi, C. Ferrara and P. Béarez (MNHN); S. Tomiyama (MSM) and M. Takami, N. Nakayama and T. Tamai (Tokai University, Shizuoka); Y. Iwatsuki (MUFS); H.-C. Ho (NMMB); M. Gomon and D. Bray (NMV); A. Palandacic (NMW); I.-S. Chen (NTOU); K. Hatooka (formerly OMNH); C. Aungtonya (PMBC) and U. Satapoomin (formerly PMBC); R. Bills, O. Gon and E. Heemstra (SAIAB); F. Krupp and T. Alpermann (SMF); K. Hoshino (SNFR); J. Zhong (SFU); K. Shibuawa (SPMN); P. Becker (UMB); T. Yoshino and Y. Sakurai (formerly URM); J. Williams (USNM); S. Morrison (formerly WAM); Y. Kaji (WMNH); K. Hagiwara (YCM) and M. Hayashi (formerly YCM); P. Bartsch and C. Lamour (ZMB); R. Thiel and I. Eidus (ZMH); and K. Sakamoto (ZUMT) for their kind hospitality during the first author’s visits to their institutions during this study. We are indebted to J. Sparks (AMNH), M. Sabaj Pérez (ANSP), D. Catania (CAS), D. Golani (HUJ), R. Feeney (LACM), G. Dally (NTM), J. Johnson (QM), R. Winterbottom and H. López-Fernández (ROM) and D. Nelson (UMMZ) for providing opportunities to examine specimens; M. Nakae and J. Williams for providing photographs of fresh specimens; R. Fricke (Lauda-Königshofen, Germany) for providing Quoy and Gaimard’s (1834) atlas; K. Miyamoto (Okinawa Churashima Foundation Research Center) for providing data on URM specimens; students and volunteers of KAUM, and K. Sasaki and H. Endo (BSKU) and students of BSKU for curatorial assistance and collection of specimens. We are grateful also to G. Hardy (Ngunguru, New Zealand) for reading the manuscript and providing help with English. This study was supported in part by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers JP19770067, JP26241027, JP24370041, JP23580259, and JP26450265; JSPS Fellow (PD: 16J00047); the JSPS Core-to-Core Program: B Asia–Africa Science Platforms; the “Biological Properties of Biodiversity Hotspots in Japan” project of the National Museum of Nature and Science, Tsukuba, Japan; and “Establishment of Research and Education Network on Biodiversity and Its Conservation in the Satsunan Islands” project of Kagoshima University adopted by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan.

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Matsunuma, M., Motomura, H. Redescription of Dendrochirus zebra (Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae) with a new species of Dendrochirus from the Ogasawara Islands, Japan. Ichthyol Res 66, 353–384 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10228-019-00681-1

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Keywords

  • Dendrochirus koyo sp. nov.
  • Pterois zebra
  • Dendrochirus sausaulele
  • Synonym
  • Taxonomy