Ichthyological Research

, Volume 66, Issue 1, pp 35–48 | Cite as

A new species, Propherallodus longipterus, from the Philippines and redescription of P. briggsi Shiogaki and Dotsu 1983 (Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae)

  • Kyoji FujiwaraEmail author
  • Hiroyuki Motomura
Full Paper


Propherallodus longipterus sp. nov. (Gobiesocidae: Diplocrepinae) is described on the basis of three specimens (17.0–22.8 mm in standard length: SL) from the Philippines. The new species is characterized by the following characters: 8 or 9 dorsal-fin rays; 8 anal-fin rays; 23 or 24 pectoral-fin rays; 34 vertebrae; upper end of gill membrane level with 7th or 8th pectoral-fin ray base in lateral view; posterior nostril located slightly behind anterior margin of eye; head size moderate, length 30.3–32.1% of SL; disc size moderate, length 19.4–21.5% SL; caudal-peduncle depth 8.7–9.7% SL, 1.5–1.8 in caudal-peduncle length; dorsal- and anal-fin bases long, 14.8–17.8 and 15.7–17.3% SL, respectively; pre-dorsal-fin length 66.8–69.0% SL; dorsal-caudal length 31.1–31.8% SL. Propherallodus briggsi Shiogaki and Dotsu 1983, the most similar congeneric species, is redescribed on the basis of 10 specimens, including the holotype, and morphological changes with growth considered.


Clingfish Propherallodus smithi Japan Description Distribution 



We are very grateful to M. H. Sabaj (ANSP), H. Kawase (CMNH), H. Senou (KPM), G. Shinohara and M. Nakae (NSMT), and S. Smith and J. Williams (USNM) for opportunities to examine specimens; H. Endo and T. Naito (Laboratory of Marine Biology Faculty of Science, Kochi University, Kochi, Japan) and K. Kuriiwa (NSMT) for their assistance in taking X-rays; and Y. Kai (The Kyoto University Museum, Kyoto, Japan) for providing literature. Y. Haraguchi (KAUM) and other volunteers and students of KAUM provided curatorial assistance, and G. S. Hardy (Ngunguru, New Zealand) read the manuscript and provided help with English. This study was supported in part by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers JP19770067, JP26241027, JP24370041, JP23580259, and JP26450265; the JSPS Core-to-Core Program: B Asia-Africa Science Platforms; the “Biological Properties of Biodiversity Hotspots in Japan” project of the National Museum of Nature and Science, Tsukuba, Japan; “Establishment of Research and Education Network on Biodiversity and Its Conservation in the Satsunan Islands” project of Kagoshima University adopted by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan; and the “Island Research” project of Kagoshima University.


  1. Briggs JC (1955) A monograph of the clingfishes (order Xenopterygii). Stanford Ichthyol Bull 6:1–244Google Scholar
  2. Conway KW, Stewart AL, King C (2017) A new species of the clingfish genus Trachelochismus from bay and estuarine areas of New Zealand (Teleostei: Gobiesocidae). Zootaxa 4319:531–549Google Scholar
  3. Conway KW, Stewart AL, Summers AP (2018) A new species of sea urchin associating clingfish of the genus Dellichthys from New Zealand (Teleostei, Gobiesocidae). ZooKeys 740:77–95Google Scholar
  4. Craig MT, Randall JE (2008) Two new species of the Indo-Pacific clingfish genus Discotrema (Gobiesocidae). Copeia 2008:68–74Google Scholar
  5. Fujiwara K, Motomura H (2018) Revised diagnosis and first Northern Hemisphere records of the rare clingfish Lepadichthys akiko (Gobiesocidae: Diademichthyinae). Species Divers 23:87–93Google Scholar
  6. Fujiwara K, Okamoto M, Motomura H (2018) Review of the clingfish genus Kopua (Gobiesocidae: Trachelochisminae) in Japan, with description of a new species. Ichthyol Res.
  7. Hayashi M (1993) Gobiesocidae. In: Nakabo T (ed) Fishes from Japan with pictorial keys to the species. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, pp 408–410, 1281–1282Google Scholar
  8. Hayashi M (2000) Gobiesocidae. In: Nakabo T (ed) Fishes from Japan with pictorial keys to the species. 2nd edition. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, pp 1121–1123, 1604Google Scholar
  9. Hayashi M (2002) Gobiesocidae. In: Nakabo T (ed) Fishes of Japan with pictorial keys to the species. English edition. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, pp 1121–1123, 1594Google Scholar
  10. Hayashi M, Hagiwara K (2013) Gobiesocidae. In: Nakabo T (ed) Fishes of Japan with pictorial keys to the species. 3rd edition. Tokai University Press, Hadano, pp 1326–1329, 2105–2106Google Scholar
  11. Hutchins JB (1983) Redescription of the clingfish Cochleoceps spatula (Gobiesocidae) from Western Australia and South Australia, with the description of a new species from Victoria and Tasmania. Rec West Aust Mus 11:33–47Google Scholar
  12. Hutchins JB (1991a) Description of a new deepwater clingfish (Gobiesocidae) from New South Wales. Rec West Aust Mus 15:463–468Google Scholar
  13. Hutchins JB (1991b) Descriptions of three new species of gobiesocid fishes from southern Australia, with a key to the species of Cochleoceps. Rec West Aust Mus 15:655–672Google Scholar
  14. Koeda K, Hibino Y, Yoshida T, Kimura Y, Miki R, Kunishima T, Sasaki D, Furukawa T, Sakurai M, Eguchi K, Suzuki H, Inaba T, Uejo T, Tanaka S, Fujisawa M, Wada H, Uchiyama T (2016) Annotated checklist of fishes of Yonaguni-jima island, the westernmost island in Japan. The Kagoshima University Museum, KagoshimaGoogle Scholar
  15. Koeda K, Fujii T, Koeda S, Motomura H (2017) Fishes of Yoro-jima and Uke-jima islands in the Amami Islands: 89 new specimen-based records. Mem Fac Fish Kagoshima Univ 65:1–20Google Scholar
  16. Lindberg GU, Fedorov VV, Krasyukova ZV (1997) Fishes of the Sea of Japan and the adjacent parts of the Sea of Okhotsk and Yellow Sea. Part 7. Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Science, Saint PetersburgGoogle Scholar
  17. Miura N, Dotsu Y, Iwamoto H (1973) Tidepool fishes of Meshima Island, Danjo Islands. In: Nagasaki Prefectural Board of Education (ed) Sci Res Danjo Islands. Nagasaki Prefectural Board of Education, Nagasaki, pp 59–72Google Scholar
  18. Motomura M, Aizawa M (2011) Illustrated list of additions to the ichthyofauna of Yakushima Island, Kagoshima Prefecture, southern Japan: 50 new records from the island. Check List 7:448–457Google Scholar
  19. Motomura H, Harazaki S (2017) Annotated checklist of marine and freshwater fishes of Yaku-shima island in the Osumi Islands, Kagoshima, southern Japan, with 129 new records. Bull Kagoshima Univ Mus 9:1–183Google Scholar
  20. Motomura H, Matsuura K (2014) Filed guide to fishes of Yoron Island in the middle of the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. The Kagoshima University Museum, Kagoshima and the National Museum of Nature and Science, TsukubaGoogle Scholar
  21. Motomura H, Dewa S, Furuta F, Matsuura K (2013) Fishes of Iou-jima and Take-shima islands, Mishima, Kagoshima, Japan. Kagoshima University Museum, Kagoshima and National Museum of Nature and Science, TsukubaGoogle Scholar
  22. Motomura H, Habano A, Arita Y, Matsuoka M, Furuta K, Koeda K, Yoshida T, Hibino Y, Jeong B, Tashiro S, Hata H, Fukui Y, Eguchi K, Inaba T, Uejo T, Yoshiura A, Ando Y, Haraguchi Y, Senou H, Kuriiwa K (2016) The ichthyofauna of the Uji Islands, East China Sea: 148 new records of fishes with notes on biogeographical implications. Mem Fac Fish Kagoshima Univ 64:10–34Google Scholar
  23. Motomura H, Hagiwara K, Senou H, Nakae M (2018) Identification guide to fishes of the Amami Islands, Japan. Kagoshima University Museum, Kagoshima, Yokosuka City Museum, Yokosuka, Kanagawa Prefectural Museum of Natural History, Odawara, and National Museum of Nature and Science, TsukubaGoogle Scholar
  24. Saruwatari T, Lopez JA, Pietsch TW (1997) Cyanine Blue: a versatile and harmless stain for specimen observation. Copeia 1997:840–841Google Scholar
  25. Shiogaki M, Dotsu Y (1983) Two new genera and two new species of clingfishes from Japan, with comments on head sensory canals of the Gobiesocidae. Jpn J Ichthyol 30:111–121Google Scholar
  26. Smith-Vaniz WF (1971) Another new species of the clingfish genus Derilissus from the Western Atlantic (Pisces: Gobiesocidae). Copeia 1971:291–294Google Scholar
  27. Wessel P, Smith WHF (1996) A global self-consistent, hierarchical, high-resolution shoreline database. J Geophys Res 101:8741–8743Google Scholar
  28. Yoshino T (1984) Propherallodus briggsi. In: Masuda H, Amaoka K, Araga C, Uyeno T, Yoshino T (eds) The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, p 327, Pl. 306EGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Ichthyological Society of Japan 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of FisheriesKagoshima UniversityKagoshimaJapan
  2. 2.The Kagoshima University MuseumKagoshimaJapan

Personalised recommendations