Ichthyological Research

, Volume 65, Issue 4, pp 454–461 | Cite as

A redescription of the gobiid fish Taenioides purpurascens (Gobiidae: Amblyopinae) with comments on, and a key to, species in the genus

  • Edward O. MurdyEmail author
Full Paper


The Indo-West Pacific gobiid genus Taenioides Lacépède is further defined and one of the constituent species of the genus, T. purpurascens (De Vis 1884), is redescribed. Taenioides purpurascens is known only from the southeast coast of Australia and is compared to other species in the genus: T. anguillaris, distributed from India northeastward to China, and Japan, and southward to Australia; T. gracilis, distributed along the east coast of Africa and Madagascar to India, northeastward to Japan and southward to Australia; T. kentalleni, known only from Saudi Arabia and Japan; and T. snyderi, known only from southern Japan. Taenioides purpurascens is unique within the genus in having: the fewest dorsal-fin elements (41‒44 vs. 48‒72); the fewest anal-fin elements (34‒38 vs. 41‒65); the fewest vertebrae (27 vs. 28‒45); and a 2-4-2 arrangement of the barbels on the ventral surface of the head (vs. 2-2-2, 2-3-2, or 2-4-2-2). In morphometric comparisons with these other species, T. purpurascens is shown to have the shortest and deepest body. A key to these species is provided.


Taenioides Amblyopinae Gobiidae Taxonomic redescription Key to species 



I greatly appreciated the hospitality extended to me by Mark McGrouther when I visited AMS in 2004 to examine material used for this and other amblyopine studies. Amanda Hay (AMS) provided images and permission for the use of Figs. 1 and 4. Richard Vari (NMNH, deceased) generously provided space for me to work on this project and facilitated loans of specimens. My special thanks go to Sandra J. Raredon (NMNH) who expertly radiographed specimens used in this study and made digital images of the specimens illustrated herein. Numerous other individuals aided this study in the loan and exchange of specimens, or in other diverse ways; for their contributions, I am grateful to: David Catania (CAS); Mats Eriksson (ZIU); Carl J. Ferraris, Jr., Sven O. Kullander (NRM); Helen K. Larson (MAGNT); Patrice Pruvost (MNHN); and Kris Murphy, Lisa Palmer, Lynne Parenti, and Shirleen Smith (USNM).


  1. Birdsong RS, Murdy EO, Pezold FL (1988) A study of the vertebral column and median fin osteology in gobioid fishes with comments on gobioid relationships. Bull Mar Sci 42:174-214Google Scholar
  2. Bleeker P (1849) Bijdrage tot de kennis der Blennioïden en Gobioïden van der Soenda-Molukschen Archipel, met beschrijving van 42 nieuwe soorten. Verh Bat Gen 22:1‒40Google Scholar
  3. Blyth E (1860) Report on some fishes received chiefly from the Sitang River and its tributary streams, Tenasserim Provinces. J Proc Asiat Soc Bengal 29:138‒174Google Scholar
  4. Chabanaud P (1927) Sur diverses espèces du genre Taenioides Lacep. [Poissons Gobiformes]. Bull Soc Zool de France 52:404‒415Google Scholar
  5. Cuvier G, Valenciennes A (1837) Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome douzième. Suite du livre quatorzième. Gobioïdes. Livre quinzième. Acanthoptérygiens à pectorales pédiculées 12:1‒507Google Scholar
  6. Day F (1873) On some new or imperfectly known fishes of India and Burma. Proc Zool Soc Lond 1873:107‒112Google Scholar
  7. De Vis CW (1883) Description of new genera and species of Australian fishes. Proc Linn Soc N S W 8:283‒289Google Scholar
  8. De Vis CW (1884) New fishes in the Queensland Museum. Proc Linn Soc N S W 9:685‒698Google Scholar
  9. Fricke R, Eschmeyer WN (2016) A guide to fish collections in the Catalog of Fishes database. Online version, updated 31 Mar 2016. Accessed 16 February 2018
  10. Global Biodiversity Information Facility (2017) GBIF Secretariat: GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. doi:10.15468/39omei. Accessed 10 December 2017
  11. Hoese DF, Larson HK (2006) Gobiidae. In: Hoese DF, Bray DJ, Paxton JR, Allen GR (eds) Zoological catalogue of Australia. Vol 35, pt 3, fishes. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, pp 1612‒1697Google Scholar
  12. Hora SL (1924) Zoological results of a tour in the Far East. Fish of the Talé Sap, Peninsular Siam. Parts I, II. Mem Asiat Soc Bengal 6:461‒501Google Scholar
  13. Hubbs CL, Lagler, KF (1958) Fishes of the Great Lakes region. Bull Cranbrook Inst Sci 26:1‒213Google Scholar
  14. Johnson JW (1999) Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Mem Qld Mus 43:709‒762Google Scholar
  15. Jordan DS, Hubbs CL (1925) Record of fishes obtained by David Starr Jordan in Japan, 1922. Mem Carnegie Mus 10:93‒346Google Scholar
  16. Kurita T, Yoshino T (2012) Cryptic diversity of the eel goby, genus Taenioides (Gobiidae: Amblyopinae) in Japan. Zool Sci 29:538‒545Google Scholar
  17. Lacepède BGE (1800) Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Vol 2. Plassan, ParisGoogle Scholar
  18. Linnaeus C (1758) Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. 10th edn, vol 1. Lorentii, HolmiaeGoogle Scholar
  19. McCulloch AR, Ogilby JD (1919) Some Australian fishes of the family Gobiidae. Rec Aust Mus 12:193‒291Google Scholar
  20. Murdy EO (2011) Systematics of Amblyopinae. In: Patzner RA, Van Tassell JL, Kovacic M, Kapoor BG (eds) The biology of gobies. Science Publishers, Enfield, pp 107‒118Google Scholar
  21. Murdy EO, Randall JR (2002) Taenioides kentalleni, a new species of eel goby from Saudi Arabia (Gobiidae: Amblyopinae). Zootaxa 93:1‒6Google Scholar
  22. Roxas HA, Ablan GL (1938) A new taenioid fish from Occidental Negros. Philipp J Sci 66:261‒265Google Scholar
  23. Shibukawa K, Murdy EO (2012) A redescription of the eel goby Trypauchenopsis (Gobiidae: Amblyopinae) with comments on relationships. Copeia 2012:527‒534Google Scholar
  24. Smith JLB (1947) New species and new records of fishes from South Africa. Ann Mag Nat Hist 13:793‒821Google Scholar
  25. Takagi K (1988) Cephalic sensory canal system of the gobioid fishes of Japan: comparative morphology with special reference to phylogenetic significance. J Tokyo Univ Fish 75:499–568Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Ichthyological Society of Japan 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesGeorge Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations