Skip to main content

Abudefduf nigrimargo, a new species of damselfish (Perciformes: Pomacentridae) from Taiwan

Abstract

A new species of damselfish, Abudefduf nigrimargo (Pomacentridae), is described on the basis of six specimens (91.8–119.5 mm standard length; SL) from Taiwan. Although similar to A. caudobimaculatus Okada and Ikeda 1939, A. saxatilis (Linnaeus 1758), A. troschelii (Gill 1862) and A. vaigiensis (Quoy and Gaimard 1825) in having five dark bands on the lateral surface of the body with yellowish interspaces dorsally, the new species can be distinguished from the others by the following combination of characters: 18–19 (mode 19) pectoral-fin rays; 20–23 (22) tubed lateral-line scales; 7–8 (7) + 14–16 (16) = 21–24 (23) gill rakers; relatively greater body depth and longer pectoral-fin length [57.3–60.8% (mean 59.0%) of SL and 36.8–40.8% (38.5%) of SL, respectively]; 5 scale rows on cheek; scales on suborbit, usually continuous over basal area of lacrimal; many scales on anteroventral region of head; scale covering on preopercle and interopercle continuous; scales on dorsal and lateral body surfaces with blackish margin (indistinct in subadult), second and third black bands on body not extending dorsally onto membranes of spinous dorsal fin; anterior and upper margins of fourth black band usually level with sixth dorsal-fin soft ray base and not extending onto small scales on the dorsal-fin base, respectively; and caudal-fin base without black spots.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

References

  1. Allen GR (1975) Damselfishes of the south seas. TFH Publications, Neptune City

  2. Allen GR (1991) Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publisher, Melle

  3. Bertrand JA, Borsa P, Chen W-J (2017) Phylogeography of the sergeants Abudefduf sexfasciatus and A. vaigiensis reveals complex introgression patterns between two widespread and sympatric Indo-West Pacific reef fishes. Mol Ecol 26:2527–2542

  4. Coleman RR, Gaither MR, Kimokeo B, Stanton FG, Bowen BW, Toonen RJ (2014) Large-scale introduction of the Indo-Pacific damselfish Abudefduf vaigiensis into Hawai’i promotes genetic swamping of the endemic congener A. abdominalis. Mol Ecol 23:5552–5565

  5. Edwards AJ (2016) Pomacentridae. In: Carpenter KE and Angelis ND (eds) The living marine resources of the eastern central Atlantic. Bony fishes part 2 (Perciformes to Tetradontiformes) and sea turtles. FAO Species identification guide for fishery purposes. Vol 4. FAO, Rome, pp 2711–2732

  6. Forsskål P (1775) Descriptiones animalium avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium; quae in itinere orientali observavit. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr, Hauniae

  7. Gill TN (1862) Catalogue of the fishes of lower California in the Smithsonian Institution, collected by Mr. J. Xantus. part 2. Proc Acad Nat Sci Phila 14:140–151

  8. Hall TA (1999) BioEdit: a user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT. Nucleic Acids Symp Ser 41:95–98

  9. Hasegawa M, Kishino H, Yano T (1985) Dating of the human-ape splitting by a molecular clock of mitochondrial DNA. J Mol Evol 22:160–174

  10. Hensley DA, Allen GR (1977) A new species of Abudefduf (Pisces: Pomacentridae) from the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Rec West Aust Mus 6:107–18

  11. Hensley DA, Randall JE (1983) A new species of Abudefduf (Pisces: Pomacentridae) from the east coast of South Africa. Occas Pap Bernice P Bishop Mus 25:1–10

  12. Kumar S, Stecher G, Tamura K (2016) MEGA7: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis Version 7.0 for Bigger Datasets. Mol Biol Evol 33:1870–1874

  13. Lessios HA, Allen GR, Wellington GM, Bermingham E (1995) Genetic and morphological evidence that the eastern Pacific damselfish Abudefduf declivifrons is distinct from A. concolor (Pomacentridae). Copeia 1995:277–288

  14. Linnaeus C (1758) Systema naturae, 10th edn, vol 1. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae

  15. Motomura H, Ishikawa S (2013) Fish collection building and procedures manual, English edn. The Kagoshima University Museum, Kagoshima and the Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto

  16. Okada Y, Ikeda H (1939) Notes on the fishes of the Ryu-Kyu Islands. IV. The damsel fish, Pomacentridae, collected in 1938. Trans Biogeogr Soc Japan 3:159–206

  17. Pondella, DJ, II (1997). The first occurrence of the Panamic sergeant major, Abudefduf troschelii (Pomacentridae) in California. Calif Fish Game 83:84–86

  18. Quenouille B, Bermingham E, Planes S (2004) Molecular systematics of the damselfishes (Teleostei: Pomacentridae): Bayesian phylogenetic analyses of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences. Mol Phylogenet Evol 31:66–88

  19. Quoy JRC, Gaimard JP (1825) Zoologie. In: Freycinet LDC (ed) Voyage autour du monde. Pillet Aîné, Paris, pp 192–401

  20. Randall JE, Earle JL (1999) Abudefduf conformis and Plectroglyphidodon sagmarius, two new damselfishes (Pomacentridae) from the Marquesas Islands. Cybium 23:333–343

  21. Thompson JD, Higgins DG, Gibson TJ (1994) CLUSTAL W: improving the sensitivity of progressive multiple sequence alignment through sequence weighting, positions-specific gap penalties and weight matrix choice. Nucleic Acids Res 22:4673–4680

  22. Wibowo K, Toda M, Motomura H (2017) Validity of Abudefduf caudobimaculatus Okada and Ikeda 1939 and synonymies of Abudefduf vaigiensis (Quoy and Gaimard 1825) (Perciformes: Pomacentridae). Ichthyol Res 65:78–91

Download references

Acknowledgments

We are especially grateful to H.-C. Ho (National Museum of Marine Biology & Aquarium, Taiwan) for the opportunity to work on fish samples from Taiwan, N. Cahyani (University of California, Los Angeles) for providing literature and G. Hardy (Ngunguru, New Zealand) for reading the manuscript and providing help with English. KW gratefully acknowledges a Program for Research and Innovation in Science and Technology (RISET-Pro) scholarship, provided by the Ministry for Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia. This study was supported in part by a JSPS Overseas Research Fellowship (29-304) (awarded to the 2nd author), a Grant for Environmental Research Projects from The Sumitomo Foundation (3rd author) and JSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers JP19770067, JP26241027, JP24370041, JP23580259 and JP26450265; the JSPS Core-to-Core Program: B Asia–Africa Science Platforms; the “Biological Properties of Biodiversity Hotspots in Japan” project of the National Museum of Nature and Science, Tsukuba, Japan; “Establishment of Research and Education Network on Biodiversity and Its Conservation in the Satsunan Islands” project of Kagoshima University adopted by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan; and the “Island Research” project by Kagoshima University (4th author).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Kunto Wibowo.

Additional information

This article was registered in the Official Register of Zoological Nomenclature (ZooBank) as F95CF0E5-FD89-46A4-A450-A805641395B3.

This article was published as an Online First article on the online publication date shown on this page. The article should be cited by using the doi number.

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Supplementary material 1 (XLSX 58 kb)

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Wibowo, K., Koeda, K., Muto, N. et al. Abudefduf nigrimargo, a new species of damselfish (Perciformes: Pomacentridae) from Taiwan. Ichthyol Res 65, 471–481 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10228-018-0634-7

Download citation

Keywords

  • Abudefduf caudobimaculatus
  • Abudefduf vaigiensis
  • Taxonomy
  • Coloration
  • Morphology