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Ichthyological Research

, Volume 65, Issue 3, pp 383–397 | Cite as

Comparative phylogeography of diadromous and freshwater daces of the genus Tribolodon (Cyprinidae)

  • Katsutoshi Watanabe
  • Harumi Sakai
  • Takeshi Sanada
  • Mutsumi Nishida
Full Paper

Abstract

Far Eastern daces, genus Tribolodon (Cyprinidae), are thought to have diversified and developed unique diadromous life histories under changing conditions in the Sea of Japan and the surrounding environment. To examine the relationships between life history traits, distribution, and genetic population structures, we conducted a comparative phylogeographic analysis using partial mtDNA sequence data from samples collected over almost the full ranges of all four Tribolodon species. Phylogenetic analyses revealed several intraspecific haplotype groups that differentiated in the early Pleistocene to the Pliocene with or without geographic overlaps. A time-calibrated phylogeny suggested that the relatively smaller geographic ranges of the strictly freshwater species, T. sachalinensis and T. nakamurai, were explained not by the recent origins of these species, but by their limited dispersal abilities and smaller historical population sizes. The wider-ranging diadromous species, T. brandtii and T. hakonensis, exhibited similar major phylogeographic structures in their distributions, but the chronological order and timing of formation of this structure largely differed between the two species. In addition to those differences, the overlapping patterns of the differentiated intraspecific lineages in these species suggest dynamic, but somewhat restricted dispersal during the Plio-Pleistocene. Tribolodon hakonensis, one of the most widespread species of East Asian freshwater fishes, included both common and unique phylogeographic patterns compared to other fish species; the unique patterns (i.e., its wide range across freshwater biogeographic boundaries like the sea and mountains) would reflect its ecological features as a remarkable generalist inhabiting lakes, upper and lower reaches of rivers, and even coastal areas.

Keywords

Freshwater fish Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) Far East Asia Central Highland Diadromy 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank S. Amano, A. Goto, R. Kakioka, H. Kato, K. Katsura, H. Kohno, K. Iguchi, S.-R. Jeon, T. Kaneko, S. N. Safronov, H. Sugiyama, R. Tabata, Y. Takahashi, T. Tokuhara, V. V. Tsuiger, G. Yamamoto, Y. Yamazaki, and A. Zama for their help in the collection of specimens. This study was partially supported by the Sumitomo Foundation and JSPS KAKENHI (No. 06041004, 09041138, 21370035, 26291079, 26250044, and 17H03720).

Supplementary material

10228_2018_624_MOESM1_ESM.docx (75 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 74 kb)
10228_2018_624_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (105 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 106 kb)
10228_2018_624_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (273 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (PDF 274 kb)
10228_2018_624_MOESM4_ESM.pdf (473 kb)
Supplementary material 4 (PDF 473 kb)

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Copyright information

© The Ichthyological Society of Japan 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Zoology, Division of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of ScienceKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Applied AquabiologyNational Fisheries UniversityShimonosekiJapan
  3. 3.Department of Marine BioscienceFukui Prefectural UniversityObamaJapan
  4. 4.University of the RyukyusOkinawaJapan
  5. 5.Fukami Elementary SchoolYamatoJapan

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