Rhinogobius similis Gill 1859, type species of the genus, is redescribed (with neotype designation) based on seven specimens collected from the putative type locality (Shimoda, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan). The species, previously known as R. giurinus (Rutter 1897) (a junior synonym), can be distinguished from its congeners by having the following combination of characters: I, 8 second dorsal-fin rays; 18–19 pectoral-fin rays; 8–12 predorsal scales; 29–31 longitudinal scales; 11 + 15 = 26 vertebrae; predorsal squamation comprising large ctenoid scales, reaching anteriorly to near posterior margin of eye; 5–6 short transverse rows of sensory papillae ventral to eye; several short transverse rows of sensory papillae between two longitudinal rows of sensory papillae on cheek; a dark brownish gray reticulation or reddish oblique lines on head but not on its ventral surface; a black spot, as large as pupil, dorsoposteriorly on pectoral-fin base; a longitudinal series of alternating large and small black blotches on midlateral body; two to four irregular longitudinal rows of small sky-blue spots on midlateral body when alive.
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We are very grateful to the following persons for their kind cooperation in this study: Masahiro Aizawa and Takako Sakou (BLIP); Kiyotaka Hatooka (OMNH); Masatomi Hosokawa (Kawanishi, Hyogo, Japan); Kenichi Kato (Faculty of Marine Science and Technology, Tokai University); Yoshiro Kitahara (Environmental Assessment Center, Shizuoka, Japan); Kris Murphy and Ai Nonaka (USNM); Naoko Takeuchi (Izu no sakana o kangaerukai); and Tetsuo Yoshino (Okinawa Churashima Foundation, Okinawa, Japan). Our appreciation is also extended to Douglass F. Hoese (Australian Museum, Sydney, Australia), Helen K. Larson (Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory, Darwin, Australia), and Edward O. Murdy (George Washington University, Washington D.C., USA) for their critical reading of this manuscript and providing valuable comments.
This article was registered in the Official Register of Zoological Nomenclature (ZooBank) as FFB50519-DEBB-4AAB-96D5-C89EF375AA9F.
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Suzuki, T., Shibukawa, K., Senou, H. et al. Redescription of Rhinogobius similis Gill 1859 (Gobiidae: Gobionellinae), the type species of the genus Rhinogobius Gill 1859, with designation of the neotype. Ichthyol Res 63, 227–238 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10228-015-0494-3
- Rhinogobius giurinus
- Type locality
- Perry Expedition