Ichthyological Research

, Volume 62, Issue 3, pp 245–252 | Cite as

A new ghost flathead (Scorpaeniformes: Hoplichthyidae) from southwestern Australia

  • Yuki NaganoEmail author
  • Hisashi Imamura
  • Mamoru Yabe
Full Paper


A new hoplichthyid species, Hoplichthys mcgroutheri, is described on the basis of six specimens (188–244 mm standard length) collected off southwestern Australia. It is clearly distinguished from its congeners by the following combination of characters: dorsal-fin rays V-14; anal-fin rays 16–17, usually 16; pectoral-fin rays 13–14 + 4–5 = 17–18, usually 14 + 4 = 18; infraorbitals mostly spineless; scales present on dorsal surface of body; vomerine tooth patch constricted medially, mostly separating teeth into bilaterally symmetrical patches; interorbit narrow [interorbital width 5.8–6.8 % of head length (HL)]; and orbit relatively large (orbital diameter 41.8–44.9 % HL). The form of the vomerine tooth patch is unique to H. mcgroutheri in this genus.


Hoplichthys mcgroutheri Hoplichthyidae New species Australia 



We are deeply indebted to M. Gomon (NMV) for his critical reading of this manuscript. We are most grateful to the following researchers and museum specialists for specimen loans and assistance during the first author’s visit to their institutions: M. McGrouther, A. Hay and S. Reader (AMS), M. Gomon and D. Bray (NMV), A. Graham and J. Pogonoski (CSIRO), K. Matsuura and G. Shinohara (NSMT), J. Williams, J. Finan, D. Smith and J. Clayton (USNM), Y. Kai (FAKU), T. Iwamoto and D. Catania (CAS), J. Maclaine and T. Heath (BMNH), H. Ho (NMMBP), and K. Shao and P. Lin (ASIZP). Our appreciation is also extended to A. Graham (CSIRO) for providing us color photographs of holotype. We express our gratitude to T. Kawai (HUMZ) for his generous support of this study and the two anonymous referees for providing valuable comments.


  1. Cuvier G, Valenciennes A (1829) Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome quatrième. Livre quatrième. Des acanthoptérygiens á joue cuirassée. FG Levrault, ParisGoogle Scholar
  2. Fowler HW (1938) Descriptions of new fishes obtained by the United States Bureau of Fisheries steamer “Albatross”, chiefly in Philippine seas and adjacent waters. Proc US Natl Mus 85:31–135Google Scholar
  3. Fowler HW (1943) Contributions to the biology of the Philippine Archipelago and adjacent regions. Descriptions and figures of new fishes obtained in Philippine seas and adjacent waters by the United States Bureau of Fisheries steamer “Albatross”. Bull US Natl Mus 100 14:i–iii + 53–91Google Scholar
  4. Fricke R, Eschmeyer WN (2014) A guide to fish collections in the catalog of fishes. Online version, updated 18 June 2014. Accessed 2 July 2014
  5. Gilbert CH (1905) Section II. The deep-sea fishes of the Hawaiian Islands. In: Jordan DS, Evermann BW (eds) The aquatic resources of the Hawaiian Islands. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission 23. Government Printing Office, Washington, pp 577–713, pls 66–101Google Scholar
  6. Jordan DS (1908) Ichthyology. Ichthyological Notes. Am Naturalist 42:800–801Google Scholar
  7. Jordan DS, Richardson RE (1908) A review of the flatheads, gurnards and other mail-cheeked fishes of the waters of Japan. Proc US Natl Mus 33:629–670Google Scholar
  8. Matsubara K (1937) Studies on the deep-sea fishes of Japan. IV, a new mail-cheeked fish, Hoplichthys fasciatus, belonging to Hoplichthyidae. Zool Mag 49:264–265Google Scholar
  9. Matsubara K, Ochiai A (1950a) Studies on Hoplichthyidae, a family of mail-cheeked fishes, found in Japan and its adjacent waters, II. Jpn J Ichthyol 1:82–88Google Scholar
  10. Matsubara K, Ochiai A (1950b) Studies on Hoplichthyidae, a family of mail-cheeked fishes, found in Japan and its adjacent waters, III. Jpn J Ichthyol 1:145–156Google Scholar
  11. McCulloch AR (1907) The results of deep sea investigation in the Tasman Sea. II, the expedition of the “Woy Woy”. 1, fishes and crustaceans from eight hundred fathoms. Rec Aust Mus 6:345–355, pls 63–65Google Scholar
  12. McCulloch AR (1914) Report on some fishes obtained by the F.I.S. “Endeavour” on the coasts of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, south and south-western Australia, part II. Biol Res Fish Exp F.I.S. Endeavour 2:77–165, pls 13–34Google Scholar
  13. McGrouther MA (1999) Hoplichthyidae. In: Carpenter KE, Niem VH (eds) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the western Central Pacific, vol 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome, pp 2422–2424Google Scholar
  14. Nagano Y, Endo H, Yabe M (2013a) Hoplichthys mimaseanus, a new ghost flathead from East Asia and Western Australia (Teleostei: Hoplichthyidae). Bull Natl Mus Nat Sci, Ser A Suppl 7:1–9Google Scholar
  15. Nagano Y, Imamura H, Yabe M (2012) Taxonomic status of Hoplichthys regani Jordan 1908 (Scorpaeniformes: Hoplichthyidae), with comments on its authorship. Ichthyol Res 59:255–263Google Scholar
  16. Nagano Y, McGrouther MA, Yabe M (2013b) A new species of the hoplichthyid genus Hoplichthys (Teleostei: Hoplichthyidae) from northern Western Australia. Zootaxa 3681:241–248Google Scholar
  17. Regan CT (1908) Report on the marine fishes collected by Mr J Stanley Gardiner in the Indian Ocean. Trans Linn Soc London, Ser 2, Zool 12:217–255, pls 23–32Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Ichthyological Society of Japan 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Marine Biology and Biodiversity (Systematic Ichthyology), Faculty of Fisheries SciencesHokkaido UniversityHakodateJapan

Personalised recommendations