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Ichthyological Research

, Volume 60, Issue 4, pp 363–379 | Cite as

The red-fin Decapterus group (Perciformes: Carangidae) with the description of a new species, Decapterus smithvanizi

  • Seishi Kimura
  • Kazuma Katahira
  • Kaoru Kuriiwa
Full Paper

Abstract

The carangid genus Decapterus can be defined by having a single finlet behind both the second dorsal and anal fins, and lacking scutes on the anterior curved part of the lateral line. We revised taxonomically the species of Decapterus with red-colored caudal fins (the red-fin Decapterus group) and established that the group consisted of the following four species: Decapterus akaadsi Abe 1958, distributed in the eastern Indian Ocean and West Pacific from the Andaman Sea to Indonesia, north to central Japan; Decapterus kurroides Bleeker 1855, distributed in the Indo-West Pacific from the Red Sea and eastern coast of Africa to eastern Australia, north to the Philippines; Decapterus smithvanizi sp. nov., occurring in the Andaman Sea, the South China Sea, and Indonesia; and Decapterus tabl Berry 1968, distributed circumglobally in tropical and subtropical seas. The diagnostic characters of these species are as follows: D. akaadsi—curved part of lateral line with 43–53 cycloid scales, straight part of lateral line with 26–29 scutes, head length 26.7–30.1 % SL, and body depth 24.0–27.9 % SL; D. kurroides—curved part of lateral line with 45–51 cycloid scales, straight part of lateral line with 30–32 scutes, head length 30.3–33.0 % SL, and body depth 23.4–26.4 % SL; D. smithvanizi—lower gill rakers 25–31, curved part of lateral line with 54–62 cycloid scales, body depth 19.4–22.5 % SL, pectoral-fin tip usually beyond the level of second dorsal-fin origin; D. tabl—tip of upper jaw usually hooked and opercular membrane partly serrated in larger specimens, lower gill rakers 28–33, curved part of lateral line with 61–72 cycloid scales, body depth 16.6–23.0 % SL, pectoral-fin tip not reaching to the level of second dorsal-fin origin.

Keywords

Carangidae Decapterus akaadsi Decapterus kurroides Decapterus smithvanizi sp. nov. Decapterus tabl 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are deeply indebted to W.F. Smith-Vaniz (Florida Museum of Natural History) for permission to add his data to the present article, critical comments and suggestions on the manuscript, and great help with our English, to H. Motomura (KAUM), R. de Ruiter (RMNH), and S. Raredon (USNM) for their measurements and/or photographs of some type specimens, and to T. Peristiwady (Indonesian Institute of Sciences) and U. Satapoomin (PMBC) for their great help during field collection. We express our sincere gratitude to the following persons for collecting materials: M. McGrouther (AMS); M. Westneat and K. Swagel (FMNH); M. Matsunuma and G. Ogihara (KAUM); G. Duhamel, P. Pruvost and R. Causse (MNHN); K. Matsuura and G. Shinohara (NSMT); Y. Sakurai (Okinawa Environmental Research Co. Ltd.); M.J.P. Oijen (RMNH); H.-L. Wu (SFU); K. Hoshino and Y. Tsukamoto (SNFR); J. Yonezawa (Tokyo Metropolitan Government); J.T. Williams and L. Palmer (USNM); S. Morrison (WAM); and K. Sakamoto (ZUMT). We also thank D. Sasaki, Y. Hibino, and S. Takeuchi (students of FRLM) for their help in field collection and examination of specimens. This study was supported in part by Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C) awarded to S. K. by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (19570084 and 23570114), and by the Multilateral Cooperative Research Program (Coastal Oceanography) and Asian Core Program of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.

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Copyright information

© The Ichthyological Society of Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seishi Kimura
    • 1
  • Kazuma Katahira
    • 1
    • 3
  • Kaoru Kuriiwa
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Fisheries Research LaboratoryMie UniversityShimaJapan
  2. 2.National Museum of Nature and ScienceTsukubaJapan
  3. 3.Owase Office, FT Aqua LLP. 637-7OwaseJapan
  4. 4.Kanagawa Prefectural Museum of Natural HistoryOdawaraJapan

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