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Ichthyological Research

, Volume 60, Issue 4, pp 343–352 | Cite as

Rhabdosargus niger (Perciformes: Sparidae), a new sparid species from Indonesia, with taxonomic status of the nominal species synonymized under Rhabdosargus sarba

  • Fumiya Tanaka
  • Yukio Iwatsuki
Full Paper

Abstract

A new sparid Rhabdosargus niger is described on the basis of three type specimens collected from off Kalimantan, Indonesia. The species can be differentiated from all known congeners by the following combination of characters: dorsal-fin rays XI, 13, anal-fin rays III, 11, scale rows below lateral line 11½–12½, scale rows between the fifth dorsal-fin spine base and lateral line 5½, pored lateral-line scales 53–55, head and body silvery-black, pelvic and anal fins dusky gray, and no golden longitudinal lines on the body. Partial sequences of mitochondrial COI gene (571 bp) strongly supported the distinctiveness of R. niger within the genus. Taxonomic status of the nominal species synonymized under Rhabdosargus sarba (Forsskål 1775) is discussed and the key to the species of Rhabdosargus is provided.

Keywords

A new sparid Rhabdosargus niger Indonesia Mitochondrial DNA Nominal species 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are most grateful to B. Mackenzie, R. Bills, K. Dubula, U. Lwana, E. Heemstra, M. Mwale, V. B. Kongobe, V. Hanisi, W. Holleman, E. M. Anderson and P. Skelton (SAIAB) for facilities provided during the authors’ visit in September 2009, M. Mwale and P. C. Heemstra (SAIAB), and D. Golani (HUJ) for the provision of tissue samples of Rhabsargus species to us for molecular studies, and J. E. Randall (BPBM) for permission to use his photograph of Rhabdosargus sarba. We thank M. McGrouther (AMS), A. Suzumoto and J. E. Randall (BPBM), R. Causse and P. Pruvost (MNHN), M. J. P. van Oijen, B. J. van Egmond, and R. de Ruiter (RMNH), P. C. Heemstra (SAIAB), M. Bougaardt and L. Compagno (SAM), P. Bartsch, H.-J. Paepke and C. Lamour (ZMB), and T. Menne and J. Nielsen (ZMUC) for opportunities to examine comparative sparid specimens including type specimens. This study was mainly supported by a sparid grant awarded to the second author, by the National Research Foundation of South Africa (Grant UID #: 70611), plus grants from the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture, Tokyo, Japan (Nos. 10640684 and 11640696). Finally, this research was supported by the Sasakawa Scientific Research Grant awarded to the first author from the Japan Science Society.

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Copyright information

© The Ichthyological Society of Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Agriculture and EngineeringUniversity of MiyazakiMiyazakiJapan
  2. 2.Department of Marine Biology and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of MiyazakiMiyazakiJapan

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