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Ichthyological Research

, Volume 60, Issue 2, pp 103–111 | Cite as

Descriptions of two new silversides, Hypoatherina golanii and Hypoatherina lunata, from the Indo-West Pacific (Atheriniformes: Atherinidae)

  • Daichi Sasaki
  • Seishi Kimura
Full Paper

Abstract

Two new atherinid fishes, Hypoatherina golanii and Hypoatherina lunata, are described based on specimens collected from the wide range of the Indo-West Pacific. The former species is known from the Red Sea and was confused with Hypoatherina barnesi because it has a somewhat wide midlateral band and overlapping meristic counts. Hypoatherina golanii is distinguished from its congeners by the midlateral scales with an indented posterior margin, posterior margin of anterior predorsal scales with a spatular outgrowth, posterior margin of axillary scales without a distinct projection, and posterior end of maxilla not slanted downward. Hypoatherina lunata is distributed in the waters of southern Japan (Okinawa and Kagoshima prefectures) and Indonesia (North Sulawesi, Maluku, and Papua), but was confused with Hypoatherina woodwardi. Hypoatherina lunata is distinguished from its congeners in having a distinct crescent marking in front of the eye and the anus usually situated anterior to the tip of the pelvic fin.

Keywords

Atherinidae New species Hypoatherina golanii Hypoatherina lunata Indo-West Pacific 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are deeply indebted to J. McCosker (CAS), H. Kishimoto (formerly IORD), G. Ogihara (KAUM), M. Nazarkin (ZIN), and P. Bartsch (ZMB) for their measurements and/or photographs of some type specimens; to T. Peristiwady (Indonesian Institute of Sciences), H. Kishimoto, S. Oka (Ocean Expo. Research Center), and K. Hoshino (Oita Marine Palace Aquarium UMITAMAGO) for donation of specimens to FRLM; to M.E. Anderson (SAIAB) for his critical comments on an earlier draft of the manuscript and his great help with the English language; to M.J.P. Oijen (RMNH) for his valuable comments on the Bleeker specimens of Atherina temminckii; to T. Peristiwady, Captain M. Uchida, and other officers, the crew members of T/V Seisui-maru (Mie University), and students of FRLM for their cooperation in field collections. We are most grateful to the following persons and institutions for specimen loans: M. McGrouther (AMS); J. Maclaine (BMNH); J. McCosker, D. Catania, and M. Hoang (CAS); T. Nakabo and Y. Kai (FAKU); D. Golani (HUJ); H. Kishimoto (formerly IORD); H. Motomura (KAUM); H. Senou (KPM); G. Duhamel, P. Pruvost and R. Causse (MNHN); Y. Iwatsuki (MUFS); K. Matsuura and G. Shinohara (NSMT); M.J.P. van Oijen and R. de Ruiter (RMNH); M.E. Anderson (SAIAB); M. van der Merwe and L. Hoenson (SAM); F. Krupp and H. Zetzsche (SMF); R. Fricke (SMNS); T. Yoshino (formerly URM); J.T. Williams, L. Palmer and S. Raredon (USNM); P. Bartsch and H.-J. Paepke (ZMB); P.K.L. Ng and K.K.P. Lim (ZRC). This study was supported in part by Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C) awarded to S.K. by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (11640696, 14540642, 19570084, and 23570114) and by the Multilateral Cooperative Research Program (Coastal Oceanography) and Asian Core Program of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.

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Copyright information

© The Ichthyological Society of Japan 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fisheries Research LaboratoryMie UniversityShimaJapan

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