Ichthyological Research

, Volume 52, Issue 3, pp 264–274 | Cite as

Phylogenetic position of the family Trichodontidae (Teleostei: Perciformes), with a revised classification of the perciform suborder Cottoidei

  • Hisashi ImamuraEmail author
  • Shigeru M. Shirai
  • Mamoru Yabe


The phylogenetic relationships of the family Trichodontidae and suborder Cottoidei (and zoarcoid Bathymasteridae) are reconstructed morphologically. The monophyly of the Trichodontidae, Cottoidei, and Zoarcoidei is unambiguously supported by 14 synapomorphies, including 1 newly recognized (and also 4 synapomorphies when ACCTRAN is accepted). It is assumed that the Trichodontidae is deeply nested within the Cottoidei, and the family and Cottoidea plus Cyclopteroidea have a sister relationship, supporting a previously inferred molecular phylogenetic hypothesis. We propose that the Trichodontidae is placed into the cottoid superfamily Trichodontoidea.

Key words

Trichodontidae Phylogenetic position Cottoidei Monophyly Classification 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anderson ME (1994) Systematics and osteology of the Zoarcidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Ichthyol Bull JLB Smith Inst Ichthyol (60):1–120Google Scholar
  2. Baldwin, CC, Johnson, GD 1993Phylogeny of the Epinephelinae (Teleostei: Serranidae)Bull Mar Sci52240283Google Scholar
  3. Freihofer, WC 1963Pattern of the ramus lateralis accessorius and their systematic significance in teleostean fishesStanford Ichthyol Bull880189Google Scholar
  4. Gill, T 1888On the classification of the mail-cheeked fishesProc US Nat Mus11567592Google Scholar
  5. Gosline, WA 1968The suborders of perciform fishesProc US Nat Mus124178Google Scholar
  6. Greenwood, PH, Rosen, DN, Weitzman, SH, Myers, GS 1966Phyletic studies of teleostean fishes, with a provisional classification of living formsBull Am Mus Nat Hist131339455Google Scholar
  7. Hallacher, LE 1974The comparative morphology of the extrinsic gasbladder musculature in the scorpionfish genus Sebastes (Pisces: Scorpaeniformes)Proc Calif Acad Sci155984Google Scholar
  8. Imamura, H 1996Phylogeny of the family Platycephalidae and related taxa (Pisces: Scorpaeniformes)Species Divers1123233Google Scholar
  9. Imamura, H 2000An alternative hypothesis on the phylogenetic position of the family Dactylopteridae (Pisces: Teleostei), with a proposed new classificationIchthyol Res47203222Google Scholar
  10. Imamura, H, Yabe, M 2002Demise of the Scorpaeniformes (Actinopterygii: Percomorpha): an alternative phylogenetic hypothesisBull Fish Sci Hokkaido Univ53107128Google Scholar
  11. Johnson, GD 1980The limits and relationships of the Lutjanidae and associated familiesBull Scripps Inst Oceanogr Univ Calif241114Google Scholar
  12. Johnson, GD 1984Percoidei: development and relationshipsMoser, HGRichards, WJCohen, DMFahay, MPKendall, AW,JrRichardson, SL eds. Ontogeny and systematics of fishesAllen PressLawrence, KS438447Google Scholar
  13. Kido, K 1988Phylogeny of the family Liparididae, with the taxonomy of the species found around JapanMem Fac Fish Hokkaido Univ35125256Google Scholar
  14. Leviton, AE, Gibbs, RH,Jr, Heal, E, Dawson, CE 1985Standards in herpetology and ichthyology: Part I. Standard symbolic codes for institutional resource collections in herpetology and ichthyologyCopeia1985802832Google Scholar
  15. Matsubara, K 1943Studies on the scorpaenoid fishes from Japan. Anatomy, phylogeny and taxonomy (I)Trans Sigenkagaku Kenkyusyo11170Google Scholar
  16. Mooi, RD, Johnson, GD 1997Dismantling the Trachinoidei: evidence of a relationship for the ChampsodontidaeIchthyol Res44143176Google Scholar
  17. Nazarkin, MV, Voskoboinikova, OS 2000New fossil genus and species of Trichodontidae and the position of this family in the order Perciformes (in Russian)Vopr Iktiol40725742Google Scholar
  18. Nelson, JS 1994Fishes of the worldthird edn.WileyNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. Pietsch, TW 1989Phylogenetic relationships of trachinoid fishes of the family UranoscopidaeCopeia1989253303Google Scholar
  20. Pietsch, TW, Zabetian, CP 1990Osteology and interrelationships of the sand lances (Teleostei: Ammodytidae)Copeia199078100Google Scholar
  21. Quast, JC 1965Osteological characters and affinities of the hexagrammid fishes with a synopsisProc Calif Acad Sci31563600Google Scholar
  22. Regan, CT 1913The osteology and classification of the teleostean fishes of the order ScleropareiAnn Mag Nat Hist Ser8169184Google Scholar
  23. Sasaki, K 1989Phylogeny of the family Sciaenidae, with notes on its zoogeography (Teleostei, Perciformes)Mem Fac Fish Hokkaido Univ361137Google Scholar
  24. Shinohara, G 1994Comparative morphology and phylogeny of the suborder Hexagrammoidei and related taxa (Pisces: Scorpaeniformes)Mem Fac Fish Hokkaido Univ41197Google Scholar
  25. Smith, CL, Bailey, RM 1961Evolution of the dorsal fin supports of percoid fishesMich Acad46345362Google Scholar
  26. Smith, WL, Wheeler, WC 2004Polyphyly of the mail-cheeked fishes (Teleostei: Scorpaeniformes): evidence from mitochondrial and nuclear sequence dataMol Phylogenet Evol32627646CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Springer VG, Johnson GD (2004) Study of the dorsal gill-arch musculature of teleostome fishes, with special reference to the Actinopterygii. Bull Biol Soc Wash (11):i–vi + 1–260, 205 plsGoogle Scholar
  28. Starks, EC 1930The primary shoulder girdle of the bony fishesStanford Univ Publ Univ Ser Biol Sci6147239Google Scholar
  29. Steindachner, F 1881Ichthyologische Beiträe (X)Sitzungsber Akad Wiss Wien83179219pls 1–8Google Scholar
  30. Swofford, DL 2002PAUP*. Phylogenetic analysis using parsimony (*and other methods). Version 4Sinauer AssociatesSunderland, MAGoogle Scholar
  31. Taranetz, AY 1941On the classification and origin of the family CottidaeInst Fish Univ BC Mus Contrib5128Google Scholar
  32. von Tilesius, WG 1813Iconum et descriptionum piscium Camtschaticorum continuatio tertia tentamen monographiae generis Agoni blochiani sistensMem Acad Imp Sci St Petersb4406478pls 11–16Google Scholar
  33. Watson, W, Matarese, AC, Stevens, EG 1984Trachinoidea: development and relationshipsMoser, HGRichards, WJCohen, DMFahay, MPKendall, AW,JrRichardson, SL eds. Ontogeny and systematics of fishesAllen PressLawrence, KS554561Google Scholar
  34. Winterbottom, R 1974A descriptive synonymy of the striated muscles of the TeleosteiPros Acad Nat Sci Phila125225317Google Scholar
  35. Yabe, M 1985Comparative osteology and myology of the superfamily Cottoidea (Pisces: Scorpaeniformes), and its phylogenetic classificationMem Fac Fish Hokkaido Univ321130Google Scholar
  36. Yabe, M, Uyeno, T 1996Anatomical description of Normanichthys crockeri (Scorpaeniformes, incertae sedis: family Normanichthyidae)Bull Mar Sci58494510Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Ichthyological Society of Japan 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hisashi Imamura
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shigeru M. Shirai
    • 2
  • Mamoru Yabe
    • 3
  1. 1.The Hokkaido University MuseumHokkaidoJapan
  2. 2.Japan Sea National Fisheries Research InstituteFisheries Research AgencyNiigataJapan
  3. 3.Laboratory of Marine Biodiversity, Graduate School of Fisheries SciencesHokkaido UniversityHokkaidoJapan

Personalised recommendations