Anatomical description and phylogenetic classification of the orbicular velvetfishes (Scorpaenoidea: Caracanthus)

Abstract

Anatomical characters for two species of the orbicular velvetfishes (Caracanthus) are described, and the phylogenetic position of the genus among the superfamily Scorpaenoidea is estimated cladistically on the basis of morphological characters belonging to 112 transformation series. Caracanthus is nested within the family Scorpaenidae, having close relationships with Taenianotus and Pteroidichthys. Validity of the family Caracanthidae was not supported, Caracanthus being included within the Scorpaenidae.

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Correspondence to Gento Shinohara.

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Shinohara, G., Imamura, H. Anatomical description and phylogenetic classification of the orbicular velvetfishes (Scorpaenoidea: Caracanthus). Ichthyol Res 52, 64–76 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10228-004-0256-0

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Key words

  • Caracanthus
  • Caracanthidae
  • Anatomical description
  • Phylogeny
  • Classification