European Journal of Psychology of Education

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 129–141 | Cite as

Age-related differences on cognitive overload in an audio-visual memory task

Article

Abstract

The present study aimed to provide evidence outlining whether the type of stimuli used in teaching would provoke differing levels of recall across three different academic age groups. One hundred and twenty-one participants, aged 11–25 years, were given a language-based memory task in the form of a wordlist consisting of 15 concrete and 15 abstract words, presented either visually, acoustically, or a combination of both audio and visual presentation. The study found that the presence of cognitive overload was greater in the older academic age participants than in the younger groups and that as academic experience increased, the visual presentation of the target stimuli produced greater levels of recall than was the case with acoustic and audio-visual presentation. Overall the findings indicate that cognitive overload increases with age, as the younger-age groups were found to have significantly higher levels of word recall in the audio-visual condition than the older groups.

Keywords

Cognitive overload Audio-visual memory Recall Ageing 

Resumé

La présente étude visait à fournir des preuves indiquant que le type de stimuli utilisés dans l'enseignement provoquerait des niveaux différents de rappeler à travers trois différents groupes d'âge scolaire. 121 participants, âgés de 11–25 ans, ont eu une tâche de mémoire linguistique en fonction sous la forme d'un dictionnaire composé de 15 en béton et 15 mots abstraits, présenté soit visuellement, acoustiquement, ou une combinaison des deux audio et visuels de présentation. L'étude a révélé que la présence de surcharge cognitive était plus élevée chez les participants plus âgés universitaires que dans les groupes plus jeunes et que l'expérience universitaire a augmenté, la présentation visuelle des stimuli cibles produites niveaux plus élevés de rappeler que ce fut le cas acoustique et audio- présentation visuelle. Globalement, les résultats indiquent que les augmentations de surcharge cognitive avec l'âge, comme les groupes d'âge plus jeunes ont été trouvés à des niveaux significativement plus élevés de rappel de mots dans la condition audio-visuelle que les groupes plus âgés.

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Copyright information

© Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, Lisboa, Portugal and Springer Science + Business Media BV 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyGlasgow Caledonian UniversityGlasgowUK

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