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Influences of time perspectives and perceived values on continuance intention to engage in social media amongst older adults for healthcare-related purposes

Abstract

Although communicating healthcare information via social media is becoming more common, less is known about older adults who suffer from digital inequalities regarding how they perceive the values from engaging in social media for healthcare-related purposes. Time perspective theory suggests that older adults’ perceptions of time influence their value assessments and actions. The paper investigates whether the effects of time perspective (present- and future-time) and its interaction with perceived values (hedonic, emotional, informational and social) explain older adults’ continuance intention to engage in social media for healthcare-related purposes. About 400 responses from older adults (above 60 years) were collected and analyzed using the structural equation modelling procedure. Different time perspectives result in biases in older adults’ perception of values, which discourages their social media engagement and leads to negative consequences for actively promoting online communication, including negative social value and negative social engagement attitude. Contrary to earlier findings, this study indicates that the present-time perspective has no effect on hedonic and informational values, whereas the future-time perspective has a negative influence on hedonic and social values. Further, hedonic and emotional values decrease the likelihood of continuance interaction with peers. The time perspectives affect different perceived values, which in turn affects the continuance intention to engage in social media for healthcare-related purposes. The findings demonstrated that time perspective theory operates in the opposite direction between the present and future time. The results reinforce the importance of enjoyment and emotional values and the irrelevance of informative and social values in examining older adults’ social media behaviors.

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to express their gratitude to the Ministry of Education, Malaysia for funding this research (Fundamental Research Grant Scheme–FRGS/1/2018/SS03/MMU/03/4).

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The study is funded by Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia (Fundamental Research Grant Scheme—FRGS/1/2018/SS03/MMU/03/04.

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Lai, K.P., Chong, S.C. Influences of time perspectives and perceived values on continuance intention to engage in social media amongst older adults for healthcare-related purposes. Univ Access Inf Soc (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10209-021-00845-9

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Keywords

  • Older adults
  • Social media
  • Time perspectives
  • Perceived values
  • Continuance intention