On Location and Approximation of Clusters of Zeros of Analytic Functions
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At the beginning of the 1980s, M. Shub and S. Smale developed a quantitative analysis of Newton's method for multivariate analytic maps. In particular, their α-theory gives an effective criterion that ensures safe convergence to a simple isolated zero. This criterion requires only information concerning the map at the initial point of the iteration. Generalizing this theory to multiple zeros and clusters of zeros is still a challenging problem. In this paper we focus on one complex variable function. We study general criteria for detecting clusters and analyze the convergence of Schroder's iteration to a cluster. In the case of a multiple root, it is well known that this convergence is quadratic. In the case of a cluster with positive diameter, the convergence is still quadratic provided the iteration is stopped sufficiently early. We propose a criterion for stopping this iteration at a distance from the cluster which is of the order of its diameter.
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