Limnology

, Volume 14, Issue 2, pp 179–194 | Cite as

Molecular phylogeographic analysis of East Asian cryptoperlan stoneflies (Insecta: Plecoptera, Peltoperlidae)

Research paper

Abstract

Cryptoperlan stoneflies inhabit the headwaters or upper stream areas of rivers. A molecular phylogeographic study of cryptoperlans in the Japanese archipelago and on Taiwan Island has been conducted. Altogether the mtDNA 16S rRNA region of 71 individuals from 61 populations, the mtDNA COI region of 76 individuals from 41 populations, and the nDNA Histone 3 region of 56 individuals from 52 populations were sequenced and analyzed. The respective ML, NJ, MP and Bayesian dendrograms were proposed from the sequencing data for the 16S rRNA region (362-bp), the COI region (540-bp), and the Histone 3 region (322-bp), estimated using Yoraperla uenoi as an outgroup. Based upon those data and the resulting dendrograms, it has become clear that the cryptoperlan stoneflies of the Japanese archipelago and those of Taiwan Island comprise two major clades. The first of these two major clades consists of a number of OTUs [operational taxonomic units: Cryptoperla japonica (Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu Islands) + C. ishigakiensis (Ishigaki-jima Island) + Cryptoperla spp. (Okinawa-jima and Taiwan Islands)]. The other clade consists of the species Cryptoperla kawasawai inhabiting only Shikoku Island. Of particular note, C. kawasawai was observed to be significantly genetically differentiated from all other cryptoperlans examined. Yet, despite the fact that the specimens of C. japonica were taken from a very broad range of populations, their genetic diversity was relatively low, similar to that of C. kawasawai, which inhabits only a limited region within Shikoku Island. Furthermore, even the species C. kawasawai was revealed to be composed of two significantly genetically differentiated subclades. It is considered that this genetic structure among cryptoperlans largely reflects the geological history from the middle to upper Miocene Epoch (i.e., Tortonian stage) of the Japanese archipelago and Taiwan Island.

Keywords

Stonefly Cryptoperla Biogeography Phylogeny Mitochondrial DNA Nuclear DNA 

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Limnology 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biology, Faculty of ScienceShinshu UniversityMatsumotoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Environmental System Science, Graduate School of Science and TechnologyShinshu UniversityMatsumotoJapan
  3. 3.Division of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Graduate School of Life SciencesTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  4. 4.Institute of Mountain ScienceShinshu UniversityMatsumotoJapan

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