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Limnology

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 13–25 | Cite as

Phytoplankton structure and diversity in the eutrophic-hypereutrophic reservoir Paso de las Piedras, Argentina

  • Carolina FernándezEmail author
  • Elisa R. Parodi
  • Eduardo J. Cáceres
Research paper

Abstract

This study aimed at analyzing the phytoplankton structure and dynamics in Paso de las Piedras Reservoir, Argentina, through the study of dominant species, diversity and similarity in relation with the abiotic environment. Samples were collected weekly or biweekly (January 2004–June 2005) at four sampling stations. The reservoir experienced a seasonal progression in phytoplankton composition that underlines six successional periods, each one characterized by the dominance of one or a few species. Cyanobacteria, green algae and diatoms were the most important constituents of the reservoir’s phytoplankton. Cyanobacteria dominated during summer and early autumn, green algae during late autumn and early winter, and diatoms during winter and spring. A high abundance of R. lacustris (Cryptophyceae) was observed during late September and early October. The general pattern of species succession is coherent with the general model of plankton seasonal succession described by the PEG model; however, the major discrepancy is the extremely short clear water phase observed. Successional periods were associated with changes in abiotic variables, and they showed differences in ecological traits. Cyanobacteria-Dictyosphaerium, Cyclotella, Stephanodiscus and Anabaena-diatom periods were characterized by a low number of cells, high diversity, with both dominance and specific richness low. On the contrary, during Cyanobacteria and Cyanobacteria II periods, the highest abundance was observed associated with low diversity and high dominance.

Keywords

Phytoplankton succession SIMI index Diversity 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study is part of a PhD thesis project currently carried out by C. Fernández, National Research Council (CONICET) Fellow. The Secretary of Science and Technology of the Universidad Nacional del Sur provided funds, via grant PGI CSU-24 B/145, to E.R. Parodi, Research Member of the Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas de la República Argentina (CONICET). E.J. Cáceres is a Research Member of the Comisión de Investigaciones Científicas de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, República Argentina (CIC). The authors appreciate the valuable collaborations of the staff of the Laboratorio de Hidraulica at the Universidad Nacional del Sur, Autoridad del Agua (ADA) from Buenos Aires Province and PROFERTIL, which provided hydrological and physicochemical data.

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Limnology 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carolina Fernández
    • 1
    Email author
  • Elisa R. Parodi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Eduardo J. Cáceres
    • 3
  1. 1.CONICET-BB-IADO (Instituto Argentino de Oceanografía)Bahía BlancaArgentina
  2. 2.Laboratorio de Ecología Acuática, Departamento de Biología, Bioquímica y FarmaciaUniversidad Nacional del SurBahía BlancaArgentina
  3. 3.Laboratorio de Ficología y Micología, Departamento de Biología, Bioquímica y FarmaciaUniversidad Nacional del SurBahía BlancaArgentina

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