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Limnology

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 259–266 | Cite as

Predation and depth effects on abundance and size distribution of an invasive bivalve, the golden mussel Limnoperna fortunei, in a dam reservoir

  • Daisuke Nakano
  • Takuya Kobayashi
  • Isamu Sakaguchi
Research paper

Abstract

We investigated the predation and depth effects on abundance and size distribution of an invasive freshwater bivalve, Limnoperna fortunei, post-larvae using screened (5-, 25-, and 50-mm mesh openings) and unscreened cages at three depths (6, 12, and 1 m above the bottom) in a dam reservoir, Lake Ohshio of Japan. The densities of L. fortunei on the unscreened cages were much lower than those of the 5-mm mesh screened cages at any depth. The predation rates estimated by dividing the density of the unscreened cage by that of the 5-mm mesh screened cage were 97.3% at 6 m depth, 96.6% at 12 m depth, and 95.8% at the bottom. Shell lengths of L. fortunei post-larvae were small on bottom cages, and their size distribution was significantly different from those at other depths. These results suggest that predation and depth affected the abundance and size distribution of L. fortunei in the lentic environment. The impact of L. fortunei invasion on the food web and the possibility of regulating their population by predation pressures are also discussed.

Keywords

Post-larvae Invasive species Predation pressure Predator size Population regulation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

D.N. thanks Dr. Noriyuki Endo and Dr. Kotaro Kikuchi for helpful advice with regard to this paper. D.N. is also sincerely grateful to Prof. Takashi Kagaya and Prof. Takuya Kubo for advice on data analyses. Two anonymous reviewers made critical and helpful comments on earlier drafts of this manuscript. We thank Hiroshi Matsumoto in Kabura-gawa Land Improvement District, Hideo Kanai and Masahiro Nomura in Gunma Museum of Natural History, Yumi Nagao in Gunma Prefecture, and members of the Group for Green Management of Lake Ohshio for help with the investigations. We also thank Tomioka City for allowing us to use their facilities.

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Limnology 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daisuke Nakano
    • 1
  • Takuya Kobayashi
    • 1
  • Isamu Sakaguchi
    • 1
  1. 1.Biological Environmental Sector, Environmental Science Research LaboratoryCentral Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI)ChibaJapan

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