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The formation and degradation of cyanobacterium Aphanizomenon flos-aquae blooms: the importance of pH, water temperature, and day length

Abstract

Investigation of annual changes in phytoplankton community structure in a small artificial eutrophic pond was carried out from May 2002 to April 2003. A heavy bloom of Aphanizomenon flos-aquae var. klebahnii Elenk. (Cyanobacteria) persisted in most of the water column from June to the end of October. In November, the A. flos-aquae bloom suddenly crashed and green algae were predominant until the end of spring. Weekly monitoring suggested strong involvement of the changes in abiotic factors in the cyanobacterial bloom degradation. To clarify the effects of pH, water temperature, and day length on the growth of A. flos-aquae, laboratory batch experiments were conducted. The results showed that A. flos-aquae could not grow below pH 7.1 and 11°C, and the growth tended to be suppressed under a 10L:14D photoperiod. pH, water temperature, and day length are vital factors in the growth of A. flos-aquae and, additionally, grazing by cyclopoid copepods also seemed important in bloom collapse.

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Correspondence to Yoshimasa Yamamoto.

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Yamamoto, Y., Nakahara, H. The formation and degradation of cyanobacterium Aphanizomenon flos-aquae blooms: the importance of pH, water temperature, and day length. Limnology 6, 1–6 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10201-004-0138-1

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Key words

  • Aphanizomenon flos-aquae
  • pH
  • Water temperature
  • Day length