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Table 6 Entry threshold ratios for Slovakia in 2010, 2001, and 1995 for pharmacies, doctors and dentists (spatial model)

From: Market structure and competition in the healthcare industry

  Pharmacies Physicians Dentists
  1995 2001 2010 1995 2001 2010 1995 2001 2010
Per-firm entry threshold ratios (\(s_7/s_N\))
\(s_7/s_1\) 2.32 (0.19) 2.44 (0.22) 1.19 (0.09) 0.99 (0.05) 0.73 (0.03) 0.73 (0.02) 1.27 (0.08) 1.21 (0.05) 1.01 (0.05)
\(s_7/s_2\) 1.70 (0.10) 1.71 (0.11) 1.11 (0.06) 1.27 (0.04) 1.01 (0.02) 0.93 (0.02) 1.07 (0.05) 1.05 (0.03) 1.03 (0.03)
\(s_7/s_3\) 1.19 (0.06) 1.49 (0.08) 1.08 (0.04) 1.15 (0.03) 0.98 (0.02) 0.94 (0.02) 0.99 (0.04) 1.02 (0.03) 1.09 (0.03)
\(s_7/s_4\) 1.35 (0.06) 1.30 (0.06) 1.06 (0.04) 1.09 (0.03) 0.96 (0.02) 0.97 (0.01) 1.00 (0.03) 1.05 (0.03) 1.10 (0.02)
\(s_7/s_5\) 1.04 (0.04) 1.25 (0.05) 1.08 (0.03) 1.14 (0.03) 0.95 (0.01) 0.96 (0.01) 1.05 (0.03) 1.02 (0.02) 1.14 (0.02)
\(s_7/s_6\)   1.02 (0.04) 1.07 (0.03) 1.09 (0.2) 0.97 (0.01) 0.99 (0.01) 1.05 (0.03) 1.03 (0.02) 1.05 (0.02)
Test: \(s_7/s_N = 1\)
\(s_7/s_1=1\) \(^{***}\) \(^{***}\) \(^{**}\)   \(^{***}\) \(^{***}\) \(^{***}\) \(^{***}\)  
Chi-sq. 49.42 43.07 4.53 0.06 95.71 121.78 11.6 15.11 0.02
\(s_7/s_2=1\) \(^{***}\) \(^{***}\) \(^{*}\) \(^{***}\)   \(^{***}\)    
Chi-sq. 46.32 38.47 3.86 44.33 0.39 17.31 1.93 1.97 1.06
\(s_7/s_3=1\) \(^{***}\) \(^{***}\) \(^{*}\) \(^{***}\)   \(^{***}\)    \(^{***}\)
Chi-sq. 8.51 32.46 3.7 21.64 0.77 17.05 0.15 0.66 9.51
\(s_7/s_4=1\) \(^{***}\) \(^{***}\)   \(^{***}\) \(^{**}\) \(^{**}\)   \(^{*}\) \(^{***}\)
Chi-sq. 32.55 24.23 2.60 10.52 6.53 4.50 0.02 3.68 15.89
\(s_7/s_5=1\)   \(^{***}\) \(^{**}\) \(^{***}\) \(^{***}\) \(^{***}\) \(^{*}\)   \(^{***}\)
Chi-sq. 0.90 22.41 6.47 30.60 12.98 9.73 3.07 0.87 35.48
\(s_7/s_6=1\)    \(^{**}\) \(^{***}\) \(^{**}\)     \(^{**}\)
Chi-sq.   0.36 5.93 14.84 4.06 0.24 2.60 1.91 5.81
  1. Standard errors are in parenthesis
  2. \(^{***}\), \(^{**}\), and \(^{*}\) indicates that ETRs are significantly different from one at the 1, 5, and 10% level, respectively