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Table 23 Descriptive statistics (\(N_{1995}=2843\), \(N_{2001}=2897\), \(N_{2010}=2926\))

From: Market structure and competition in the healthcare industry

Variable Mean Std. Dev. Min Max
Number of pharmacies in 1995 0.30 1.97 0 77
Number of pharmacies in 2001 0.27 1.46 0 35
Number of pharmacies in 2010 0.51 3.14 0 81
Number of physicians in 1995 0.96 6.46 0 245
Number of physicians in 2001 2.01 11.50 0 347
Number of physicians in 2010 2.69 14.54 0 216
Number of dentists in 1995 0.59 4.41 0 169
Number of dentists in 2001 0.83 5.06 0 169
Number of dentists in 2010 0.87 4.81 0 85
Population in 1993 1878.77 10,964.59 13 452,253
Population in 2001 1871.84 7470.11 7 236,036
Population in 2010 1858.00 5973.80 12 111,800
Average nominal wage 1995 215.27 13.51 193 302
Average nominal wage 2001 363.16 42.13 294 657
Average nominal wage 2010 680.70 97.10 492 1327
Average unemployment rate in 1995 0.15 0.05 0.05 0.26
Average unemployment rate in 2001 0.23 0.07 0.04 0.35
Average unemployment rate in 2010 0.16 0.07 0.03 0.34
Share of population aged below 14 in 1993 0.21 0.05 0 0.51
Share of population aged below 14 in 2001 0.19 0.05 0 0.53
Share of population aged below 14 in 2010 0.16 0.05 0 0.69
Share of population aged above 60 in 1993 0.24 0.08 0.01 0.92
Share of population aged above 60 in 2001 0.23 0.07 0.02 0.89
Share of population aged above 60 in 2010 0.23 0.06 0.03 0.67