Education, cognition, health knowledge, and health behavior
- 816 Downloads
Using data from NLSY97, we analyze the impact of education on health behavior. Controlling for health knowledge does not influence the impact of education on health behavior, supporting the productive efficiency hypothesis. Accounting for cognitive ability does not significantly alter the relationship between education and health behavior. Similarly, the impact of education on health behavior is the same between those with and without a learning disability, suggesting that cognition is not likely to be a significant factor in explaining the impact of education on health behavior.
KeywordsHealth inputs Cognition Learning Productive efficiency
JEL ClassificationI12 I20
We thank three anonymous referees for helpful comments and suggestions, and Deokrye Baek and Luiza Pogorelova for research assistance.
- 3.Card, D.: The causal effect of education on earnings. In: Ashenfelter, O., Card, D. (eds.) The Handbook of Labor Economics, vol. 3. North Holland, New York (2000)Google Scholar
- 4.Conti, G., Heckman, J.: Understanding the early origins of the education-health gradient. Perspectives on Psychological Science, pp 585–605 (2010)Google Scholar
- 8.Currie, J.: Inequality at birth: some causes and consequences. NBER working papers No. 16798 (2011)Google Scholar
- 10.Dawson, D., Grant, B., Chou, P.: Gender differences in alcohol intake. In: Hunt, W., Zakhari, S. (eds.) Stress, gender, and alcohol-seeking behavior, national institute on alcohol abuse and alcoholism research monograph No. 29. NIH Pub. No. 95–3893. The Institute, Bethesda, MD, pp 1–21 (1995)Google Scholar
- 14.Grossman, M.: Education and non-market outcomes. In: Hanushek, E., Welch, F. (eds.) Handbook of Economics of Education, vol. 1, pp. 577–633. Elsevier, Amsterdam (2006)Google Scholar
- 15.Grossman, M.: The correlation between health and schooling. In Terleckyj, N. (ed.) Household production and consumption, Vol. 40 Studies in Income and Wealth, pp. 147–211. Columbia University Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research, New York (1975)Google Scholar
- 21.National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities: Learning disabilities: implications for policy regarding research and practice: a report by The National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities. Learn. Disabil. Q. 34(4), 237–241 (2011)Google Scholar
- 22.Pastor, P., Reuben, C.: Diagnosed attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and learning disability: United States, 2004–2006. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat. 10(237), 1–14 (2008)Google Scholar
- 24.Rosenzweig, M., Schultz, T.: The behavior of mothers as inputs to child health: the determinants of birth weight, gestation, and rate of fetal growth. In: Fuchs, V. (ed.) Economic Aspects of Health, pp. 53–92. University of Chicago Press, Chicago (1982)Google Scholar