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Responses to artificial selection of dispersal activity in the circadian rhythm of the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum

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Circadian rhythm is an important factor for long-distance movement in insect species. Previous studies have shown the relationship between movement and circadian rhythm, suggesting that movement has a genetic correlation with circadian rhythm. Present study investigated whether the period and amplitude (power) of circadian rhythm are influenced by the artificial selection of moving distance in the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum. Our results indicated that the circadian rhythm did not differ between genetically longer and shorter moving distance populations, suggesting that the relationship between movement and circadian rhythm does not depend on a genetic correlation in T. castaneum.

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We many thanks to two anonymous reviewers for useful comments for our manuscript. This work was supported by Grant-in-Aid for Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) Fellows to KM (20J00383), Grant-in-Aid for Challenging Exploratory Research (MEXT KAKENHI) 16K14810 to MSA and TM, and Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (MEXT KAKENHI) 21H02568 to TM.


Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 20J00383, Kentarou Matsumura, Grant-in-Aid for Challenging Exploratory Reseach 16K14810, Masato S Abe and TM, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research 21H02568 Takahisa Miyatake.

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KM and TM contributed to the study conception, design, data collection. MSA performed data analyses. All authors contributed to drafted the manuscript. All authors approved the final version and agree to be accountable for the content therein.

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Correspondence to Kentarou Matsumura.

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We declare that we have no competing interests.


The beetle (T. castaneum) used in this study are invertebrates and, therefore, have not been subjected to animal ethics review. The study was conducted in a manner that avoided or minimized discomfort or distress to the laboratory animals, and efforts were made to ensure that the animals did not suffer unnecessarily at any stage of the experiment. The laboratory population of T. castaneum used in this study have maintained at Okayama University. This population has been maintained on whole meal flour with yeast. We reared this population at 25 °C, which resemble natural conditions for this insect. All animals in the study were handled carefully.

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Matsumura, K., Abe, M.S. & Miyatake, T. Responses to artificial selection of dispersal activity in the circadian rhythm of the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum. J Ethol 40, 285–290 (2022).

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