Journal of Ethology

, Volume 37, Issue 2, pp 229–233 | Cite as

The role of arrival time to the breeding grounds in the song development of juvenile pied flycatchers

  • Lydia J. M. Fong
  • Antonieta Labra
  • Helene M. LampeEmail author
Short Communication


Few studies on song learning have been conducted in the field. Male pied flycatchers (Ficedula hypoleuca) seem to learn song syllables in the breeding grounds. Adult males arrive first to the breeding grounds and sing more complex songs until they have paired. Early arriving juveniles may have more opportunities to learn new syllables from adult neighbours and develop more complex songs than later arriving juveniles. However, results suggest that arrival time is not important in song complexity development, but that males develop greater song complexity (repertoire size and song versatility) regardless as they age.


Song complexity Learning Ficedula hypoleuca Repertoire size Age 



We are grateful to Luis Cadahia for his statistical support, and to Kristian Aandstad, Anders Herland, and all former field assistants for their help with the data collection during the field season.


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Copyright information

© Japan Ethological Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biosciences, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis (CEES)University of OsloOsloNorway

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