An evaluation of landfill disposal of asbestos-containing waste and geothermal residues within a risk-assessment framework

Abstract

 The public perception of risks related to waste disposal facilities appears to reflect general societal anxieties and fears, which may not have a reasonable basis. A three-tier risk assessment study was therefore conducted to evaluate the landfill disposal of asbestos-containing waste (ACW) and geothermal residues. From the tier-1 analysis, the dominant asbestiform phase was identified as chrysotile, that is tightly bound in the matrix of calcite, while arsenic, cadmium, chromium, and lead were identified as the chemicals of potential concern associated with geothermal residues. From the tier-2 analysis, none of the possible exposure pathways associated with the landfill disposal of ACW was found to be potentially significant. On the other hand, there were potentially significant pathways associated with landfill disposal of geothermal residues because of the considerable potential pollution impact of leachate on soil and groundwater quality. From the tier-3 analysis, the health risk associated with landfill disposal of geothermal residues was found to be time-dependent, since the contributions to risk from water-dependent and water-independent pathways occur at different times, as indicated by RESRAD–Chem simulations. Component pathway analyses were performed to identify critical exposure pathways. The results from model sensitivity analysis have identified the input parameters that have the most influence on the time of peak risk, and the cancer risk associated with water-dependent and water-independent pathways.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Additional information

Received: July 9, 2002 / Accepted: October 17, 2002

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Promentilla, M., Peralta, G. An evaluation of landfill disposal of asbestos-containing waste and geothermal residues within a risk-assessment framework. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag 5, 0013–0021 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1007/s101630300003

Download citation

  • Key words Landfill
  • Asbestos-containing waste
  • Geothermal residues
  • Risk assessment
  • RESRAD–Chem