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Influence of acetic acid soaking and mechanical grinding treatment on the properties of treated recycled aggregate concrete

Abstract

The utilization of recycled aggregate (RA) extracted from construction and demolition (C&D) waste contributes to reducing the usage of natural aggregate (NA) to produce new concrete. The authors used immersion of RA in mild acetic acid (3%concentration), with subsequent rotation in Los Angeles (LA) abrasion machine (mechanical grinding) treatment to produce high-quality RA in the current work. To study the influence of treated recycled aggregates (TRAs), various types of TRAs [viz: TRA (0 min), TRA (3 min), TRA (5 min), TRA (7 min), TRA (10 min), TRA (12 min)] were replaced with NA in a control mix of M40 grade concrete. In this work, different replacement levels (viz: 0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100%) were used to substitute NA in each different type of TRAs. The properties viz: slump, compressive, tensile strength, flexural strength, density, modulus of elasticity, ultrasonic pulse velocity, drying shrinkage, and Scanning electron microscope of RA were reported. Based on the test results, 72 h of soaking in mild acetic acid (3% concentration) followed by 7 min of mechanical grinding in the LA abrasion machine was observed as the optimal treatment duration to generate high-quality RA. The compressive and split tensile strength were reduced by 17.11%, 14.33%, respectively, in concrete with RA compared to natural aggregate concrete (NAC).

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Data availability

Some or all data, models, or codes that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.

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Acknowledgements

The authors wish to acknowledge Jaypee University of Engineering and Technology, Guna, India, for carrying out this work in their institution.

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Correspondence to Abhishek Verma.

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Verma, A., Babu, V.S. & Arunachalam, S. Influence of acetic acid soaking and mechanical grinding treatment on the properties of treated recycled aggregate concrete. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag 24, 877–899 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-022-01360-6

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Keywords

  • Recycled aggregate (RA)
  • Treated recycled aggregate (TRA)
  • Drying shrinkage