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Analysis and optimization on the biodegradable plate making process parameters using RSM-based Box–Behnken Design method


The present research work focused on fabricating Biodegradable Plate (BD plate) composed of rice husk ash, bagasse and corn starch which is harmless to the environment. Mechanical properties such as compressive strength, moisture absorption, solubility and infiltration time were examined in fabricated BD plate. Box–Behnken Design (BBD) and ANOVA analysis are employed to optimize the operating parameters includes raw material mix ratio, temperature on the die, pressure during the mixing process and time. Input factors such as temperature varies (80–100 ºC), pressure (1–3 bar), time (4–6 min) and Mix ratio (M1, M2 and M3) are coded into the BBD design. Lack of fit test, p and F value of the independent variables are calculated to confirm the significance of the regression model. Maximum compressive strength of 31 kgf is obtained at the optimal process parameters like temperature of 90 ºC, pressure of 2 bar, holding time of 6 min and Mix ratio of 2. The developed biodegradable plate serves as the alternative solution for plastic plates such that the developed plate withstands for 30 days free from fungus.

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This research work was funded by Kongu Engineering College under the scheme of Entrepreneurship Development and Innovation Institute under Innovation Voucher Programme, File No. II-01/2/2019-EDII-EDII.

Author information




C.M conceived the first idea and supervised the project. S.R contributed to the interpretation of results and wrote the manuscript with support from C.M. S.S, B.P and B.L conducted the experimental works. Both B.M and G.R. authors contributed to the ultimate version of the manuscript.

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Correspondence to C. Maheswari.

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Maheswari, C., Ramya, A.S., Priya, B.M. et al. Analysis and optimization on the biodegradable plate making process parameters using RSM-based Box–Behnken Design method. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag 23, 2255–2265 (2021).

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  • Biodegradable plate
  • BBD design
  • Bagasse
  • Compressive strength
  • Moisture absorption