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Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management

, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 2140–2149 | Cite as

Plastic waste management in Jakarta, Indonesia: evaluation of material flow and recycling scheme

  • Anissa Ratna PutriEmail author
  • Takashi Fujimori
  • Masaki Takaoka
REGIONAL CASE STUDY

Abstract

In Jakarta, Indonesia, municipalities collect plastic mixed with other waste, scavengers recover plastic waste by picking through waste, and some citizens recover plastic at community-based waste management centers called waste banks. The fact that each stakeholder operates separately means that the actual amount of plastic recycled in Jakarta is not well-known. This research evaluated the amount of plastic recovered at the source, identified the amount of plastic waste recycled using a material flow analysis (MFA), and proposed alternative solutions to improve plastic waste management in Jakarta. Through interviews, the amount of plastic waste recovered was determined; each scavenger recovers 239 kg/month and each waste bank recovers 260 kg/month. Through the MFA, the rate of plastic recycled was identified as 24%, leaving 76% of plastic waste in landfills or in the environment. There are several actions that can be taken to promote higher recycling rates in Jakarta: conducting separation at source; integrating scavenger activity with waste bank and municipality collection; providing a material recovery facility at final disposal sites using sorting technology to recover plastics; and using alternative technology such as chemical recycling or thermal treatment to treat plastic waste that is not readily recycled through mechanical recycling.

Keywords

Plastic waste Recycling Indonesia Material flow analysis Scavenger Waste Bank 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was financially supported by Resource Recycling Science Laboratory of Kyoto University. We wish to thank the Jakarta Cleansing Agency and Association of Indonesian Plastic Recyclers (APDUPI) Jabodetabek region that provided the essential data for the study. We acknowledge financial support from a Grand-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B) (15H02862) from JSPS, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), Japan.

Supplementary material

10163_2018_753_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (953 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 953 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anissa Ratna Putri
    • 1
    Email author
  • Takashi Fujimori
    • 1
    • 2
  • Masaki Takaoka
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Global Ecology, Graduate School of Global Environmental StudiesKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Engineering, Graduate School of EngineeringKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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