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Solid-waste management in the rural area of BRAZIL: a case study in Quilombola communities

  • Priscila de Morais Lima
  • Paula Loureiro Paulo
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Abstract

Although there has been a worldwide growing concern regarding solid-waste management, the rural area has been left behind on this matter. It is common knowledge that the lack of waste management is very detrimental to the environment and impact seriously the public health. Therefore, the aim of this work is to contribute to the decision-making process regarding waste management in the rural area by proposing a new methodology using the combination of risk analysis and complementary sustainability criteria. The proposed methodology was demonstrated through a case study in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. A field survey was performed to define the current scenarios and three new scenarios were proposed. The risk analysis showed that the major risk to which residents are vulnerable to is the appearance of vectors that can cause various types of diseases. Besides that, only 30% of rural Quilombola communities of Mato Grosso do Sul have waste collection and the predominant scenario is the burning of dry waste and use of organic waste for animal feeding. Using the complementary relevant criteria, the most suitable scenario do the studied communities would be the combination of household composting and source separation of dry waste. The proposed methodology can be easily applied to other rural regions seeking for sustainable waste management systems.

Keywords

Risk analysis Solid waste Quilombola Rural sites Complementary sustainability criteria. 

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Hydraulic and SanitationUniversity of São PauloSão CarlosBrazil
  2. 2.Faculty of Engineering, Architecture and Urbanism and GeographyFederal University of Mato Grosso do SulCampo GrandeBrazil
  3. 3.Faculty of Engineering, Architecture and Urbanism and GeographyFederal University of Mato Grosso do SulCampo GrandeBrazil

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