Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management

, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 1286–1298 | Cite as

Life-cycle assessment of solid-waste management in city of Zagreb, Croatia

  • Alen Hadzic
  • Neven Voca
  • Sandra Golubic


In terms of improvement of the existing municipal solid-waste management system in city of Zagreb (Croatia) in a line with legal requirements and its shift towards circular economy, two scenarios were investigated. Life-cycle assessment (LCA) methodology was used to compare the existing municipal solid-waste management system mainly relay on landfilling of waste with expanded system combining mechanical separation of recyclable fractions of mixed municipal waste (MMW), anaerobic digestion of organic fraction, and thermal treatment of residual waste. The waste management-dedicated LCA software EASETECH was used for the assessment of the scenarios in accordance with the EDIP 1997 LCA method. Improved solid-waste management scenario showed superior results in terms of increased recycling rate of valuable materials and overall environmental performance. Because of introduction of convenient mechanical, biological, and thermal treatment technologies, it enables fulfilment of legal obligation concerning waste recycling targets and landfilling of waste.


LCA Bio-waste Mixed municipal waste Landfill Composting 


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Zagreb HoldingZagrebCroatia
  2. 2.Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia
  3. 3.Medjimurje CountyCakovecCroatia

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