Removal of fluoride by effectively using spent cation exchange resin

  • Hari Paudyal
  • Katsutoshi Inoue
  • Hidetaka Kawakita
  • Keisuke Ohto
  • Hirofumi Kamata
  • Shafiq Alam
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
  • 89 Downloads

Abstract

Spent strongly acidic cation exchange resin was effectively used for the removal of trace concentration of fluoride ions. For this purpose, the spent resins were pulverized into fine powders to be used together with inorganic coagulation agent consisting of iron, aluminum, and calcium in batchwise operation. Prior to this operation, the pulverized resins were loaded with Zr(IV) ions to develop adsorption sites which effectively and selectively adsorb fluoride ions over other coexisting anionic species such as chloride and sulfate ions. The fluoride uptake capacity of the Zr(IV)-loaded resin powder was negligibly affected by the coagulation agent. This combined process of adsorption and coagulation was proven to be used for at least six repeated cycles of adsorption followed by desorption using dilute alkaline solution without lowering the uptake capacity for fluoride ion. Quantitative removal of trace concentration of fluoride was successfully achieved from actual waste plating solution by this process.

Keywords

Spent cation exchange resin Adsorption–coagulation Fluoride removal Zirconium(IV)-loaded adsorbents Waste plating solutions 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The present work was conducted in the project of Water-Saving Recycling Systems in 2012–2013 supported by New Energy and Industrial Development Technology Organization (NEDO).

References

  1. 1.
    Cui H, Li Q, Qian Y, Hao RT, Zhai J (2011) Defluoridation of water via electrically controlled anion exchange by polyaniline modified electrode reactor. Water Res 45:5736–5744CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ayoob S, Gupta AK (2006) Fluoride in drinking water: a review on the status and stress effects. Environ Sci Technol 36:433–487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wajima T, Umeta Y, Narita S, Sugawara K (2009) Adsorption behavior of fluoride ion using a titanium hydroxide derived adsorbent. Desalination 249:323–330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Huang CJ, Liu JC (1999) Precipitation floatation of fluoride containing waste water from semiconductor manufacturer. Water Res 33:3403–3412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gupta AP, Varshney PK (1996) Studies on tetracycline hydrochloride sorbed zirconium tungstophosphate; La(III)-selective chelating ion exchanger. React Func Polym 31:111–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wang Y, Reardon EJ (2001) Activation and regeneration of a soil sorbent for defluoridation of drinking water. Appl Geochem 16:531–539CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Geethamani CK, Ramesh ST, Gandimathi R, Nidheesh PV (2013) Fluoride sorption by treated fly ash: kinetics and isotherm studies. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag 15:381–392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Meenakshi S, Maheshwari RC (2006) Fluoride in drinking water and its removal. J Hazard Mater B137:456–463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Helfferich F (1962) Ion Exchange. McGraw-Hill, New York, p 250Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kokubu N, Kobayashi T, Yamasaki A (1980) Preconcentration of low-level fluoride ion in natural water samples with zirconium-loaded cation exchange resin column (in Japanese). Bunseki Kagaku 29:106–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Luo F, Inoue K (2004) The removal of fluoride ion by using metal(III)-loaded Amberlite resins. Solv Extr Ion Exch 22:305–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Paudyal H, Pangeni B, Inoue K, Kawakita H, Ohto K, Harada H, Alam S (2011) Adsorptive removal of fluoride from aqueous solution using orange waste loaded with multi-valent metal ions. J Hazard Mater 192:676–682CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Suzuki TM, Ootsuka M (1997) Manufacture of ion-exchange resins with supported zirconium for fluoride ion adsorption. Japanese Patent No. 2635014 (Date of application: 1994, August 31)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Paudyal H, Pangeni B, Inoue K, Matsueda M, Suzuki R, Kawakita H, Ohto K, Biswas BK, Alam S (2012) Adsorptive behavior of fluoride ion on Zr(IV) loaded orange waste gel from aqueous solution. Sep Sci Technol 47:96–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Paudyal H, Pangeni B, Inoue K, Kawakita H, Ohto K, Ghimire KN, Alam S (2013) Preparation of novel alginate based anion exchanger from Ulva japonica and its application for the removal of trace concentrations of fluoride from water. Biores Technol 148:221–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lee BJ, Schlautman MA, Toorman E, Fettweis M (2012) Competition between kaolinite flocculation and stabilization in divalent cation solutions dosed with anionic polyacrylamides. Water Res 46:5696–5706CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Deng Y, Nordstrom DK, McCleskey RB (2011) Fluoride geochemistry of thermal water in Yellowstone national park Part I: aqueous fluoride speciation. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 75:4476–4489CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Tang Y, Gaun T, Gao N, Wang J (2009) Fluoride adsorption on activated alumina: modeling the effect of pH and competing ions. Physicochem Eng Aspects 337:33–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hari Paudyal
    • 1
  • Katsutoshi Inoue
    • 1
  • Hidetaka Kawakita
    • 1
  • Keisuke Ohto
    • 1
  • Hirofumi Kamata
    • 2
  • Shafiq Alam
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Applied ChemistrySaga UniversitySagaJapan
  2. 2.Kamata Bioengineering Co. Ltd.FukuokaJapan
  3. 3.Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, College of EngineeringUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada

Personalised recommendations